Native Warm-Season Grass Planning Budget

Editor’s note
The following abstract describes a publication that is only available as a PDF via the “Download this publication” button.

See the Native Warm-Season Grass Planning Tool (XLSX) for related information.

Joe Horner
State Specialist, Agricultural Business and Policy Extension
Ryan Milhollin
State Specialist, Agricultural Business and Policy Extension
Drew Kientzy
Student Assistant, Agricultural Business and Policy Extension

Using this budget, farmers can estimate the costs and returns of establishing native warm-season grass (NWSG) forage species. Table 1 presents estimates for replacing existing forage stands with NWSG in Missouri. Assumptions were based on price forecasts as of October 2021. The NWSG forage species mix used in this budget includes big bluestem, indiangrass, little bluestem and forbs. The mix was assumed to be planted in a dormant season. Multiple calendar years are needed for the NWSG stand to reach full forage yield potential. Seeding mixes are designed to enhance wildlife habitat and meet eligibility for cost share practices. Use the “Your estimate” column to plan your operation’s costs and returns for 2022.

This guide was supported by the MU/MDC Native Grass Extension Project.


  • Warm-season pasture
  • Crop budget
  • Farm budget


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