Editor’s note
The following abstract describes a publication that is only available as a downloadable PDF.

See the Native Warm-Season Grass Planning Tool (XLSX) for related information.

Ryan Milhollin
Assistant Extension Professor, Agricultural Business and Policy

Drew Kientzy
Research Analyst, Agricultural Business and Policy

Using this budget, farmers can estimate the costs and returns of establishing native warm-season grass (NWSG) forage species. Table 1 presents estimates for replacing existing forage stands with NWSG in Missouri. Assumptions were based on price forecasts as of September 2023. The NWSG forage species mix used in this budget includes big bluestem, indiangrass, little bluestem and forbs. The mix was assumed to be planted in a dormant season. Multiple calendar years are needed for the NWSG stand to reach full forage yield potential. Seeding mixes are designed to enhance wildlife habitat and meet eligibility for cost share practices. Use the “Your estimate” column to plan your operation’s costs and returns, including any cost share awarded.

This guide was supported by the MU/MDC Native Grass Extension Project.


  • Warm-season pasture
  • Crop budget
  • Farm budget


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