Reproductive Anatomy and Physiology of the Cow
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Assistant Professor, Animal Sciences
Livestock Field Specialist
The ability of a cow or heifer to successfully mate, conceive, give birth, and raise a healthy calf each year is essential for profitable and sustainable beef production. A good understanding of anatomy and physiology of both the male and female is helpful in successfully managing reproduction.
Causes for failures in reproduction must be identified and overcome. Research has led to the development of numerous techniques for managing the reproductive processes of animals. These techniques provide many options to help progressive cattle producers accomplish their production goals.
Figure 1. Diagramatic sketch of the reproductive tract of the cow.