Editor’s note
The following abstract describes a publication that is only available as a downloadable PDF.

CoverDeveloped by Montana State University Extension and the University of Wyoming
Adapted with permission

This guide is one in the Exploring Energy Efficiency and Alternatives (E3A): Understanding Energy series. This one suggests some needs assessment techniques to help you identify local needs and adapt educational materials to meet them. On pages 2 and 3 is a map to exploring energy objectives that provides guidance on how to respond to certain energy objectives. (Download the 17-by-11-inch map.)


  • Assessing attitudes about energy education
  • Holding a community forum to discuss energy needs
  • Finding existing information about local energy
  • Conducting focus groups to gather opinions about energy issues
  • Identifying key informants — local community leaders — who can accurately identify energy needs and concerns
  • Using existing information to learn about the target audience


  • 4