Editor's note
To be used in conjunction with Missouri Core Manual M87, Private Pesticide Applicator Reference Manual

Fred Fishel
Integrated Pest Management

Principles of pest control

  1. What is the first thing you should do when you detect the presence of a pest that you think youmay need to control?
    1. Dial 911
    2. Apply a pesticide
    3. Properly identify the pest
  2. Integrated pest management (IPM) is the combining of appropriate pest control tactics into a single plan to reduce pests and their damage to an acceptable level.

Name five control tactics that are involved in an IPM plan.

    1. ________________________
    2. ________________________
    3. ________________________
    4. ________________________
    5. ________________________

Pesticide labeling

The term "restricted use pesticide" means:

    1. The product can only be used in certain places.
    2. The product has been shown to be likely to harm people or the environment, if not used correctly.
    3. The product may be purchased and used only by certified applicators and those under their direct supervision.
    4. Both B and C are correct responses.

Any given pesticide will have three types of names on its label. What are the three names?

    1. ________________________
    2. ________________________
    3. ________________________

Match the following.

CautionA) Moderately toxic
WarningB) Highly toxic
DangerC) Slightly toxic


  1. The two types of ingredients that are contained in the majority of pesticides used are the ____________ ingredient and the ____________ ingredients.
  2. Inert ingredients are added to a pesticide formulation for the following reason(s):
    1. To make the product safer.
    2. To prevent the active ingredient from reaching groundwater.
    3. To make the product easier to measure, mix and apply.
    4. Both A and C are correct responses.
  3. Two examples of a liquid formulation are
    1. ________________________
    2. ________________________
  4. If you had a choice of several formulations of a material, which would you select in a situation where spray drift is a concern?
    1. Aerosol
    2. Granule
    3. Wettable powder
    4. Fumigant
  5. Why are adjuvants added to pesticides?
    1. To make the formulation heavier.
    2. To increase the profits of the manufacturer.
    3. To increase the pesticide's safety or effectiveness.

Pesticides in the environment

  1. List three ways that a pesticide can move off site.
    1. ________________________
    2. ________________________
    3. ________________________

Special environmental concerns: Protecting groundwater and endangered species

  1. How will you know if you must take special action to protect an endangered species?
    1. The USDA will contact you.
    2. It will be noted on the pesticide's label.
    3. Your local law enforcement agency keeps bulletins.
  2. Place a check beside the factors that would influence a given pesticide reaching groundwater:
    1. Chemical characteristics of the pesticide.
    2. Soil type of the application site.
    3. Ground speed of the application equipment.
    4. Distance from the soil surface to the groundwater.
    5. Nozzle spacing on the spray rig's boom.

Harmful effects and emergency response

  1. What are the four routes that pesticides can enter your body?
    1. ________________________
    2. ________________________
    3. ________________________
    4. ________________________
  2. The most common route of pesticide exposure is through
    1. Eyes
    2. Mouth
    3. Air
    4. Skin
  3. The first thing that should be done to a person who has been overexposed to pesticides is to stop the source of pesticide exposure as quickly as possible.
    1. True
    2. False
  4. What should you do if you
    1. Get pesticide on your skin?
    2. Inhale a pesticide?
    3. Swallow a pesticide?

Personal protective equipment

  1. What legal responsibility do you have for wearing the personal protective equipment listed in the pesticide labeling?
    1. Since it's your body and health, you don't have to wear anything that makes you uncomfortable
    2. By law, you must wear at least the personal protective equipment listed on the pesticide's label
    3. You are allowed to wear protective equipment in addition to what is listed on the pesticide's label
    4. Both B and C are correct responses
  2. When the pesticide's label calls for protective eyewear, which of the following would be suitable to wear?
    1. Goggles
    2. Eyeglasses
    3. Face shield
    4. Safety glasses with brow and side shields
    5. Cheap sunglasses

Pesticide handling decisions

  1. List some consequences of the incorrect use of pesticides:
    1. ________________________
    2. ________________________
    3. ________________________
  2. Which of the following factors do you need to consider when selecting a formulation of a given pesticide?
    1. Cost factors
    2. If a full moon will be present at the time of application
    3. Habits or growth patterns of the pest

Mixing, loading and application

  1. Which precautions should you take to avoid contamination of your water sources when mixing pesticides?
    1. Keep the hose well above the mix level in the spray tank
    2. Avoid mixing or loading pesticides where an accident could allow pesticides to enter the water system
    3. Use only galvanized buckets in the mixing process
  2. The very first thing you should do when finished with a task that involves pesticide handling is
    1. Make a record of the application
    2. Go to the house for refreshments
    3. Wash your equipment, then yourself
    4. Wash yourself, then the equipment

Applying the correct amount

  1. It is very important to apply the correct amount of pesticide to the application site. What are some of the consequences that may result from
    1. Underdosing?
    2. Overdosing?
  2. Which of the following serve as reliable sources for finding out how much pesticide to apply for a given situation?
    1. The "Directions for Use" section of the pesticide label
    2. Your next-door neighbor
    3. Your pesticide dealer
    4. Your cooperative extension service
  3. __________________ is adjusting application equipment to apply the correct amount of pesticide.
  4. How is the application rate calculated?
    1. The number of 2.5-gallon containers purchased from your dealer
    2. The amount of pesticide dispersed divided by the area covered
    3. The amount of pesticide mixed into the spray tank

Transportation, storage, disposal and spill cleanup

  1. When transporting pesticides in your vehicle, you should consider the following:
    1. Never put pesticides in the passenger section
    2. Never allow passengers and pets to ride with pesticides
    3. The make and model of the vehicle
    4. Both A and B are important considerations
  2. A proper storage facility of pesticides should include:
    1. Adequate lighting
    2. Temperature control
    3. A trained-to-kill German shepherd watchdog
    4. Ventilation
    5. A lock on the door
  3. If you have excess pesticides that are still usable, what should you do with them?
    1. Apply them to a site listed on the pesticide's label
    2. Find someone else who can legally use them
    3. In some cases, return them to your dealer or the manufacturer
    4. A, B and C are all viable options
  4. Who can you call for assistance in the event of a pesticide spill?
    1. The Boy Scouts
    2. The emergency telephone numbers on the pesticide's label
    3. The police department or highway patrol
    4. The department of public health
    5. Your mother
Publication No. MX331