E3A Understanding Energy: Off-Grid Living

Editor’s note
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CoverDeveloped by Montana State University Extension and the University of Wyoming
Adapted with permission

This guide is one in the Exploring Energy Efficiency and Alternatives (E3A): Understanding Energy series. This one discusses off-grid energy options. Living off-grid refers to living in a self-sustaining manner without reliance on one or more utilities.


  • Balance-of-system equipment
  • Batteries
  • Charge controllers
  • Conservation
  • Inverters
  • System design, cost and finance


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