Local highlights

The St. Clair County Extension Center can provide you with research-based information in the areas of agriculture, business and the workforce, children and teens, community development, environmental quality, family life, farm management, financial education, home and garden, horticulture and nutrition and health.

Missouri’s Complex Fence Laws to be Explained March 7 at Osceola

               A program to discuss Missouri’s Complicated Fence Law will be held on Tuesday evening, March 7th, from 6:30 to 9:00 p.m.  The meeting will be held at the First Baptist Church, 505 W. Walnut, Osceola.  There is a $15 charge for this meeting and that covers the program and materials. Pre-registration is recommended so that there will be materials for all attending. To register for the class, call the St. Clair Extension office at 417-646-2419 by March 3.  
                “Missouri continues to have a very complicated fence law, in large part due to the fact that two separate laws cover the state depending on the county that your land is in” according to Joe Koenen, Agricultural Business Specialist with University of Missouri Extension who will be presenting the program that night. “If you own land you really need to know the law and how it impacts you whether you own livestock or not.” “Furthermore, in 2016 a portion of the law was changed to address livestock liability that affects livestock and non-livestock owners, alike” said Joe. Other problems are that both laws are subject to interpretation and can be a little different, depending on the county you are in. A comparison of both laws will be given at this program. Joe has been presenting programs on the fence law for over 25 years throughout the state, including via Adobe Connect and interactive TV. Landowners need to be aware of what the law is in their county and this meeting will help them better understand their rights and responsibilities. 
                This program will be done via interactive TV so attendees can see the presentation and also ask questions of the presenter. It allows the presenter (Joe) to talk to several folks in a wide area without traveling to each location.  
                Contact Joe Koenen at koenenj@missouri.edu if you have any questions.  

                            

2017 St. Clair County Extension Council Election Results

County residents voted in person and online the week of January 15-21, 2017. The results are in! The newly elected and re-elected members will join Matthew Noakes - District I; Olen Knight - District II; Debbie Siegismund - District III; Wanda Raymond - District IV; Bob Jesse - District V; and appointed members Robert Salmon - County Commissioners; and Willard Harper - Farm Bureau as the Council strives to meet the needs of the citizens of St. Clair County. Meet the candidates that were successful in their campaign:

                        
Melissa Fletcher               April Collins            Tammy Burchett
     District I                        District II                     District III

          
   Glenn Mohr             Brian Hackleman
?    District IV                    District V

University of Missouri Extension in Bates County welcomes a new Ag Business Specialist   

     University of Missouri Extension in Bates County welcomes Doug Scotten as the new Ag Business Specialist.  The position is responsible for planning, implementing, and evaluating agricultural business educational programs in the support of crop and forage production, livestock production, and overall agriculture production.  Scotten will focus on programs related to farm leases, tax management, basic estate planning, crops and livestock marketing, and other emerging issues faced by producers and land owners in the area.  Scotten will be based in the Bates County office and will also serve Vernon, St. Clair, Cedar, and Barton counties.
     Scotten has been with University of Missouri Extension for two years as the Family Financial Education Specialist in Vernon County.  Scotten holds a degree in agricultural business from Missouri State University and has previous agricultural sales experience.  He and his wife Shelly, along with their two boys, operate a small farm near Appleton City, Missouri.  Scotten can be reached at the Bates County Extension office at (660) 679-4167.  

Answers to Common Questions 
About Pond Construction and Management

 

MARSHFIELD, Mo. - Bob Schultheis is a natural resource engineering specialist with University of Missouri Extension. Nearly every week he gets questions about pond construction and management.

Q: What are some of the benefits and common problems you see with ponds?

A: "Ponds offer many benefits by providing recreation, helping control soil erosion, and storing water for livestock, irrigation and fire protection. Typical problems are the pond won't hold water, the dam erodes away, there are too many weeds, the water quality is bad, or the fish are dying," said Schultheis.

Q: How does one deal with leaky ponds and dam erosion?

A: "First, size the pond to the watershed by allowing one surface area of water for each 10 to 15 acres of land area that flow into it," said Schultheis. Prevent leaks by building the pond on a suitable site with moist, clay soils compacted in several six-inch lifts, and keep the soil moist after construction. Additives such as bentonite clay or soda ash may need to be mixed with some soils to keep them from leaking.

Q: Are bulldozers a good way to compact the soil?

A: No. While bulldozers are big and heavy, they have a large footprint that spreads out the weight too much. A better choice is a wheel tractor and disk, or a sheepsfoot roller (like the spiked drums the highway department uses when building roadbeds).

Q: What causes the weeds and how do you control them?

A: "Weeds are often caused by too many nutrients (nitrogen and phosphorus) getting into the pond, or by transfer from wildlife," said Schultheis. Limit runoff from fertilized fields, maintain vegetation around the pond and exclude livestock. Control options include cultural, mechanical, biological and chemical. "Chemicals should be a last resort and should be matched to the weed problem," said Schultheis.

Q: Where can a person get more information on building and maintaining a pond?

A: "Soils information, available free through the federal USDA Service Center serving your county, will help identify good pond building sites and soil properties at depth," said Schultheis. This information is also available online at http://agsite.missouri.edu.

The Missouri Pond Handbook, available from the Missouri Department of Conservation, is an excellent reference for developing and managing both new and old ponds for fishing.

MORE INFORMATION

Resources on fixing pond leaks, maintaining dams and controlling aquatic weeds are available through your county University of Missouri Extension Center. Or contact me at the Webster County Extension Center at 417-859-2044, or visit our website athttp://extension.missouri.edu/webster/pondmanagement.aspx.

 


Source: Bob Schultheis, (417) 859-2044

 

 Horticulture and Agriculture Tips

The University of Missouri Extension offers many news articles, publications and newsletters to help beginning or seasoned farmers and gardening enthusiasts get the maximum yield from pastures and gardens.  Some of those include:

Trees add value to your landscape

Trees can provide your home with shade, wind protection and visual appeal. They can reduce energy costs, provide recreation for children and habitat for wildlife.

Newly planted trees need special attention, and not all trees are suitable for all conditions. MU Extension’s horticulture experts have developed a series of publications to help you choose the right tree and get it established:

MU Extension publication G6800, Selecting Landscape Plants: Shade Trees
MU Extension publication G6805, Selecting Landscape Plants: Flowering Trees
MU Extension publication G6810, Selecting Landscape Plants: Uncommon Trees for Specimen Plantings
MU Extension publication G6815, Selecting Landscape Plants: Needled Evergreens
MU Extension publication G6820, Selecting Landscape Plants: Broad-leaved Evergreens
MU Extension publication G6850, How to Plant a Tree

Popular MU Guides/Extension Publications:

MU Ext. Publication G302, 2012 Custom Rates/Farm Services in MO
MU Ext. Publication G427, 2015 Cash Rental Rates in MO
MU Ext. Publication G810, Fencing Laws of Missouri
MU Ext. Publication G6201. Vegetable Planting Calendar
MU Ext. Publication G6705, Lawn Maintenance Calendar

Don’t guess; soil tests save time, money

Soil testing is the best guide to the wise and efficient use of fertilizer and soil amendments, said Manjula Nathan, director of the University of Missouri Extension Soil Testing and Plant Diagnostic Services.

Whether you grow acres of row crops or have a vegetable patch in the backyard, a soil test will provide you with an analysis of nutrients and a set of recommendations for any improvements.

“We frequently get questions from customers like, ‘I apply fertilizer every year. How come my plants are not doing well?’” Nathan said.

“Most of the time the problem is they never have done a soil test, but have been guessing on fertilizer requirements,” she said. “They do not realize that by guessing they are wasting money by over- or underapplication, and the excess fertilizer can end up in streams, ponds and underground water, polluting the environment.”

Soil testing can be done through the extension office. The cost is $15 per sample. Soil testing publications

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