2014 Farmer's Tax Guide

A limited number of the 2014 Farmer's Tax Guide are now available at the Camden County University of Missouri Extension Office.  Please stop by the office and pick one up.

2015 Missouri Century Farm program

If your farm has been in your family since Dec. 31, 1915, you can apply to have it recognized as a Missouri Century Farm.  To Qualify, farms must meet the following guidelines:  the same family must have owned the farm for 100 consecutive years.  The line of ownership from the original settler or buyer may be through children, grandchildren, siblings, and nephews or nieces, including through marriage or adoption.  The farm must be at least 40 acres of the original land acquisition and make a financial contribution to the overall farm income.

Applicants certified as owners of a 2015 Missouri Century Farm will be recognized by the local MU Extension office in the county where the farm is located.  Applicants are presented with a sign and a certificate.  Since Missouri began the program in 1976, more than 8,000 century farms have been recognized.

For applications received by May 1, a $65 fee covers the cost of a certificate, farm sign and booklet for approved applicants.  If the application is received between May 1 and May 15, the cost is $75.  Applications must be postmarked by May 15, 2015 to be considered.

For application forms and information, call MU Extension Publications at 800-292-0969, contact the Camden County Extension office 573-346-2644 or camdenco@missouri.edu, or visit the program website at http://extension.missouri.edu/centuryfarm.

Soil testing

Don't guess.  Soil tests save time and money.  Soil testing is the best guide to the wise and efficient use of fertilizer and soil amendments, said Manjula Nathan, director of the University of Missouri Extension Soil Testing and Plant Diagnostic Services.  Whether you grow acres of row crops or have a vegetable patch in the backyard, a soil test will provide you with an analysis of nutrients and a set of recommendations for any improvements.

"We frequently get questions from customers like, 'I apply fertilizer every year. How come my plants are not doing well?" Nathan said.

"Most of the time the problem is they never have done a soil test, but have been guessing on fertilizer requirements," she said. "They do not realize that by guessing they are wasting money by over- or under application, and the excess fertilizer can end up in streams, ponds and underground water, polluting the environment."

Soil testing provides analysis of pH, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, organic matter percent, neutralizable acidity, cation exchange capacity and nutrient requirements.  For information on test results, see MU publication G9112, Interpreting Missouri Soil Test Reports. Regional specialists also can assist you with additional information and recommendations. Soil testing can be done through the extension office. See Services for details.

Soil testing brochure (PDF)