MU Extension's centennial

On May 8, 2014, University of Missouri Extension celebrates 100 years of extending university-based research and knowledge beyond the campus into all 114 Missouri counties. In doing so, MU Extension has strengthened families, businesses and communities.

Weekly Crop Scouting Report

Wait 3-5 days before assessing freeze damage

This article is available as a PDF or Audio message.

Wheat in the jointing stage becomes sensitive to freeze damage at 26-27 degrees Fahrenheit. Wheat prior to jointing is not likely to be affected by frost or freeze according to Jill Scheidt, agronomy specialist with University of Missouri Extension.

“I scouted fields on April 16th west and south of Liberal,” said Scheidt. “If temperatures remain at 24 degrees Fahrenheit for 2 hours or more, the frost is likely to cause some damage. It is best to wait 3-5 days before assessing damage; you may need to wait longer if cool days follow the frost because the plants’ recovery may be slow. After 3-5 days new leaf tissue should be visible if the plant was not damaged.”

“The growing point of corn is protected under the ground until the 5th leaf stage and corn should be able to recover from a frost without any yield loss,” said Scheidt. “If the frost penetrates deep in the soil, there is a possibility of damage to the plants.”

“Wheat is at the jointing stage, if nitrogen is needed, it should be applied now in order for nitrogen to be efficiently used by wheat,” said Scheidt.

“No diseases or insects were seen,” said Scheidt.

Herbicides and insecticides should not be applied in temperatures lower than 60 degrees Fahrenheit, because plants are not actively growing and insects are not active, therefore pesticides will not effectively be taken up by the pest.

Links to other resources:

Corn freeze damage

Spring freeze injury

Frost freeze to corn and soybeans

MU Extension publication M171, 2013 Missouri Pest Management Guide

To receive the 2014 weekly scouting reports, print the 2014 Crop Scouting Enrollment Form (PDF), complete and return with payment to Barton County Extension, 801 E 12th, Lamar, MO 64759.

Crop scouting is an essential part of integrated pest management (IPM). Scouting programs are designed to protect and maximize crop yield and quality while minimizing the risk associated with pesticide use.  Each week, extension agronomy specialists and agronomy assistants scout fields in Barton County and then report their findings through an automated phone service and email message. The message will go out to everyone signed up for the program.

The cost of the program is only $35 per phone number, $95 for three numbers, and $30 per phone number for those with 4 or more. For more information about the program, call the Barton County Extension Center at 417-682-3579.

2014 Century Farms search continues

If your farm has been in your family since Dec. 31, 1914, you can apply to have it recognized as a Missouri Century Farm.

To qualify, farms must meet the following guidelines: The same family must have owned the farm for 100 consecutive years. The line of ownership from the original settler or buyer may be through children, grandchildren, siblings, and nephews or nieces, including through marriage or adoption. The farm must be at least 40 acres of the original land acquisition and make a financial contribution to the overall farm income.

For applications received by May 1, a $65 fee covers the cost of a certificate, farm sign and booklet for approved applicants. If the application is received between May 1 and May 15, the cost is $75. Applications must be postmarked by May 15, 2014, to be considered.

For application forms and information, call MU Extension Publications toll-free at 1-800-292-0969, contact your local MU Extension center or visit the program website at http://extension.missouri.edu/centuryfarm.

Popular extension publications

MU Extension publication G427, 2011 Cash Rental Rates in Missouri
MU Extension publication G302, 2009 Custom Rates for Farm Services in Missouri
MU Extension publication G6201, Vegetable Planting Calendar