Extension Council Elections
Would You Like to Serve Your Friends and Families in Barry County?
The Barry County Extension Council will be holding an election for council members the week of January 9-13. Nominations can be submitted through November. A brochure explaining your roll as a Barry County Extension Council member is available and the application form to the nominating committee. The Extension Council is people who vary in background, education, and experiences. They work with University of Missouri Extension Faculty and others to open opportunities for the citizens of Barry County for educational Programs. Council members must be residents of Barry County. You may contact the local Extension office for more information.
Going Green with Conservation-Based Farming:
Market-Based Approaches to Promote
Soil Health and Water Quality
The 2016 Green Lands Blue Waters conference brings a market-based focus to complement innovative, science-based approaches to conservation of soil and water quality. Landowners react positively when their “bottom-line” is enhanced. Proven, market-based options, including cover crops and perennial-based practices (i.e., agroforestry, perennial grains, biomass, forages, and winter annuals) support the deployment of “continuous living cover,” and speak directly to the bottom line. Farmer-to-farmer strategies are required to scale up conservation for large scale impacts on soil and water quality.
Growing the Grower - Dec. 1
Production on Small Acreages - Eldon Cole
Workshops are $5 to attend. Registration information
Be on the lookout for Palmer Amaranth during harvest
Source: Kevin Bradley, 573-882-4039
COLUMBIA, Mo. – Harvest is a good time to scout for potential 2017 weed problems, says University of Missouri Extension weed scientist Kevin Bradley.
Combines give a bird’s-eye view of problem spots. Most farmers make note of areas where weeds survived treatment.
Palmer amaranth continues to be the weed to watch in Missouri, Bradley says. This member of the pigweed family spread from the southwestern United States into the Midwest. It has moved north of the Missouri Bootheel area, where it is the predominant weed species in most fields.
Bradley has been tracking the spread of Palmer amaranth in Missouri since 2009. In 2016, Missouri fields showed some of the best weed control Bradley and other MU agronomists have seen, he says. Despite that, Palmer amaranth’s competitive and aggressive nature makes it a bigger threat than waterhemp, the most common pigweed species in the state.
It is fairly easy to distinguish Palmer amaranth from other pigweeds, Bradley says. Palmer amaranth is much wider and distinguishes itself by its diamond-shaped leaves. When viewed from above, the leaves of Palmer amaranth have a poinsettia-like arrangement. Mature seed heads have spiny, prickly bracts that extend beyond all other flower parts.
Mature Palmer amaranth often grows to more than 7 feet in height and usually produces about 500,000 seeds per plant. It resists glyphosate, the most-used weed control method in Missouri.
It is highly mobile. Palmer amaranth may have made its way into Missouri through contaminated farm equipment from other states. Contaminated hay also acts as a carrier. Bradley’s research has shown that waterfowl carry seeds for long distances and drop them in fields. Some states report Palmer amaranth coming in through seeds used for Conservation Reserve Program plantings and in pollinator mixes.
“In short, any seed, feed or equipment coming onto your farm should be thoroughly examined for the presence or even the possibility of Palmer amaranth seed,” Bradley says.
If possible, and if only a few plants are present, stop and rogue out Palmer amaranth plants that you see while combining, he says.
Bradley recommends the MU Weed ID app to identify the weed (weedID.missouri.edu). Samples also may be sent to MU’s Plant Diagnostic Clinic (plantclinic.missouri.edu).
Bradley will speak at the Dec. 15-16 Crop Management Conference in Columbia. Go to extension.missouri.edu/n/2923 for more information.
Fall Army Worm Management and Recognition
The fall armyworm (FAW) is one of the most devastating pests of pastures and hayfields, reducing both forage availability and hay yields. Damage can appear almost overnight and infestations can be easily overlooked when the caterpillars are small and eating very little. Beginning as early as late June or July significant fall armyworm populations can occur in Arkansas.
Tim Schnakenberg, University of Missouri Agronomy Specialist has sent a thank you to the University of Arkansas for putting out this one page handout with great insecticide recommendations.
Split-Time AI: Using Estrus Detection Aids to Optimize Timed Artificial Insemination
Timed AI pregnancy rates can be optimized through use of a split-time AI approach following administration of the 14-day CIDR-PG protocol for heifers and the 7-day CO-Synch + CIDR protocol for mature cows. Using split-time AI, insemination of non-estrous females is delayed until 20 to 24 hours after the scheduled time for fixed-time AI. Estrotect estrus detection aids applied at the time of PG administration allow producers to determine the estrous status of females and inseminate at the optimal time.
The development of protocols that effectively facilitate synchronization of estrus and ovulation has enabled producers to increase the use of fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI) in beef heifers and cows, rather than performing artificial insemination (AI) on the basis of detected estrus. In this approach, AI is performed at a predetermined time following prostaglandin F2a (PG) administration. Previous research efforts have evaluated several protocols to determine the appropriate time at which to perform FTAI. For example, following the 14-day CIDR-PG protocol for heifers, the pregnancy rate to FTAI is highest when FTAI is performed 66 hours after PG administration. Acceptable pregnancy rates can be obtained using FTAI following several protocols; however, a proportion of females undergoing estrus synchronization do not express estrus prior to FTAI. To account for these non-estrous animals, all cows and heifers are administered gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) at FTAI to ensure that ovulation is induced. However, endocrine changes associated with estrus expression are known to positively influence fertility, and pregnancy rates are on average 27 percent lower among females that fail to express estrus prior to FTAI (Perry and Smith, 2015).
A complete copy of the article is available through MU Extension.
Two Barry Countians have taken first place honors the winners of the 2016 Hay Show at the fair.
Placed first in Class I
Placed First in Class II
Congratulations Matt and Marcia
Irrigation Advice from MU Extension
Natural Resource Engineering Specialist
VETERINARY FEED DIRECTIVE (VFD)
New laws that may impact you will take effect December 31, 2016
What is VFD?
How will I obtain VFD feed?
Do I need to have VFD feed? Why?
Get answers to these questions