United States Supply and Demand - Home

Updated 1/11/2013
diamond.gif (84 bytes)Soybeans diamond.gif (84 bytes)Corn  diamond.gif (84 bytes) Grain Sorghum diamond.gif (84 bytes)Wheat  diamond.gif (84 bytes)Cotton  diamond.gif (84 bytes)Rice  

 

Supply and Demand 
Soybeans
Million Acres & Million Bushels  
  2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13
Planted Acres 74.1 74.0 73.4 75.2 72.0 75.5 64.7 75.7 77.5 77.4 75.0 77.2
Harvest Acres 73.0 72.5 72.5 74.0 71.3 74.6 64.1 74.7 76.4 76.6 73.8 76.1
Yield 39.6 38.0 33.9 42.2 43.0 42.9 41.7 39.7 44.0 43.5 41.9 39.6
Beginning Stocks 248 208 178 112 256 449 574 205 138 151 215 169
Production 2,891 2,756 2,454 3,124 3,063 3,197 2,677 2,967 3,359 3,329 3,094 3015
Total Supply 3,141 2,969 2,638 3,242 3,322 3,655 3,261 3,185 3,512 3,495 3,325 3204
Residual & Seed 169 131 109 192 194 157 94 106 110 130 91 119
Crush 1,700 1,615 1,530 1,696 1,739 1,808 1,803 1,662 1,752 1,648 1,703 1605
Exports 1,064 1,044 887 1,097 940 1,116 1,159 1,279 1,499 1,501 1,362 1345
Total Use 2,933 2,791 2,525 2,986 2,873 3,081 3,056 3,047 3,361 3,280 3,155 3070.0
Ending Stocks 208 178 112 256 449 574 205 138 151 215 169 135
Farm Price $4.38 $5.53 $7.34 $5.74 $5.66 $6.43 $10.10 $9.97 $9.59 $11.30 $12.50 $14.25
Ending Stocks to Use 7.1% 6.4% 4.4% 8.6% 15.6% 18.6% 6.7% 4.5% 4.5% 6.6% 5.4% 4.4%
                         
Supply and Demand 
Corn
Million Acres & Million Bushels
  2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13
Planted Acres 75.7 79.0 78.6 80.9 81.8 78.3 93.5 86.0 86.4 88.2 91.9 97.2
Harvest Acres 68.8 69.3 70.9 73.6 75.1 70.6 86.5 78.6 79.5 81.4 84.0 87.4
Yield 138.2 129.3 142.2 160.4 148.0 149.1 150.7 153.9 164.7 152.8 147.2 123.4
Beginning Stocks 1,899 1,596 1,087 958 2,114 1,967 1,304 1,624 1,673 1,708 1,128 989
Production 9,503 8,967 10,089 11,807 11,114 10,531 13,038 12,092 13,092 12,447 12,358 10780
Total Supply 11,412 10,578 11,190 12,776 13,237 12,510 14,362 13,729 14,774 14,182 13,516 11869
Food,Seed, Industrial 2,046 2,340 2,537 2,686 2,981 3,490 4,387 5,025 5,961 6,426 6,437 5867
Ethanol for Fuel 706 996 1,168 1,323 1,603 2,119 3,049 3,709 4,591 5,019 5,011 4,500
Feed & Residual 5,864 5,563 5,795 6,158 6,155 5,591 5,913 5,182 5,125 4,795 4,548 4450
Exports 1,905 1,588 1,900 1,818 2,134 2,125 2,437 1,849 1,980 1,834 1,543 950
Total  Use 9,815 9,491 10,232 10,662 11,270 11,207 12,737 12,056 13,066 13,055 12,527 11,267
Ending Stocks 1,596 1,087 958 2,114 1,967 1,304 1,624 1,673 1,708 1,128 989 602
Farm Price $1.97 $2.32 $2.42 $2.06 $2.00 $3.04 $4.20 $4.06 $3.55 $5.18 $6.22 $7.40
Ending Stocks to Use 16.3% 11.5% 9.4% 19.8% 17.5% 11.6% 12.8% 13.9% 13.1% 8.6% 7.9% 5.3%
                         
Supply and Demand 
Wheat
Million Acres & Million Bushels
  2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13
Planted Acres 59.4 60.3 62.1 59.7 57.2 57.3 60.5 63.2 59.2 53.6 54.4 55.7
Harvest Acres 48.5 45.8 53.1 50.0 50.1 46.8 51.0 55.7 49.9 47.6 45.7 49
Yield 40.2 35.0 44.2 43.2 42.0 38.6 40.2 44.9 44.5 46.3 43.7 46.3
Beginning Stocks 876 777 491 546 540 571 456 306 657 976 862 743
Production 1,947 1,606 2,345 2,158 2,105 1,808 2,051 2,499 2,218 2,207 1,999 2269
Total Supply 2,931 2,460 2,899 2,775 2,726 2,501 2,620 2,932 2,993 3,279 2,974 3142
Food & Seed 1,009 1,003 992 988 993 1,020 1,036 1,005 988 997 1,017 1025
Feed & Residual 182 116 203 182 160 117 16 255 150 132 164 350
Exports 962 850 1,158 1,066 1,003 908 1,263 1,015 879 1,128 1,050 1050
Total  Use 2,154 1,969 2,353 2,235 2,155 2,045 2,314 2,275 2,018 2,417 2,231 2425
Ending Stocks 777 491 546 540 571 456 306 657 976 862 743 716
Farm Price $2.78 $3.56 $3.40 $3.40 $3.42 $4.26 $6.48 $6.78 $4.87 $5.70 $7.24 $7.90
Ending Stocks to Use 36.1% 24.9% 23.2% 24.2% 26.5% 22.3% 13.2% 28.9% 48.4% 35.7% 33.3% 29.5%
                         
Supply and Demand 
Grain Sorghum
Million Acres & Million Bushels
  2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13
Planted Acres 10.3 9.6 9.4 7.5 6.5 6.5 7.7 8.3 6.6 5.4 5.5 6.2
Harvest Acres 8.6 7.1 7.8 6.5 5.7 4.9 6.8 7.3 5.5 4.8 3.9 5
Yield 59.9 50.6 52.7 69.6 68.5 56.1 73.2 65.0 69.4 71.8 54.6 49.8
Beginning Stocks 42 61 43 34 57 66 32 53 55 41 27 23
Production 514 361 411 454 393 277 497 472 383 346 214 247
Total Supply 556 422 454 487 450 343 530 525 438 387 242 271
Food,Seed, & Industrial 23 24 40 55 50 45 35 95 90 85 85 60
Feed & Residual 230 170 182 191 140 113 165 233 141 123 71 125
Exports 242 184 199 184 194 153 277 143 166 152 63 65
Total  Use 495 379 421 430 384 311 477 471 396 359 219 250
Ending Stocks 61 43 34 57 66 32 53 55 41 27 23 21
Farm Price $1.94 $2.32 $2.39 $1.79 $1.86 $3.29 $4.08 $3.20 $3.22 $5.02 $5.99 $7.30
Ending Stocks to Use 12.3% 11.3% 8.1% 13.3% 17.2% 10.3% 11.1% 11.7% 10.4% 7.5% 10.5% 8.4%
                         
Supply and Demand 
Cotton
Million Acres & Million Bales
  2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13
Planted Acres 15.77 13.96 13.48 13.66 14.25 15.27 10.83 9.47 9.15 10.97 14.74 12.32
Harvest Acres 13.83 12.42 12.00 13.06 13.80 12.73 10.49 7.57 7.53 10.70 9.46 9.43
Yield 705 665 730 855 831 814 879 813 777 812 790 866
Beginning Stocks 6.00 7.45 5.39 3.45 5.50 6.07 9.48 10.05 6.34 2.95 2.60 3.35
Production 20.30 17.21 18.26 23.25 23.89 21.59 19.21 12.82 12.19 18.10 15.57 17.01
Total Supply 26.32 24.72 23.69 26.73 29.41 27.68 28.70 22.87 18.53 21.06 18.19 20.37
Mill 7.70 7.27 6.22 6.69 5.87 4.94 4.59 3.59 3.55 3.90 3.30 3.4
Other -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Exports 11.00 11.90 13.76 14.44 17.55 13.01 13.65 13.26 12.04 14.38 11.71 12.2
Total  Use 18.70 19.17 19.98 21.13 23.42 17.95 18.24 16.85 15.59 18.28 15.01 15.6
Ending Stocks 7.45 5.39 3.51 5.50 6.05 9.48 10.04 6.34 2.95 2.60 3.35 4.8
Farm Price $0.298 $0.445 $0.618  $ 0.416  $ 0.477 $0.465 $0.593 $0.478 $0.629 $0.815 $0.883 $0.685
Ending Stocks to Use 39.8% 28.1% 17.6% 26.0% 25.8% 52.8% 55.0% 37.6% 18.9% 14.2% 22.3% 30.8%
                         
Supply and Demand 
Rice
Million Acres & Million Cwt
  2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2006-07 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13
Planted Acres 3.33 3.24 3.02 3.35 3.38 2.84 2.76 3.00 3.14 3.64 2.69 2.7
Harvest Acres 3.31 3.21 3.00 3.33 3.36 2.82 2.75 2.98 3.10 3.62 2.62 2.68
Yield 6,496 6,578 6,670 6,988 6,636 6,898 7,219 6,846 7,085 6,725 7,067 7449
Beginning Stocks 28.5 39.0 26.8 23.7 37.7 43.0 39.3 29.6 30.4 36.5 48.5 41.1
Production 215.3 211.0 199.9 232.4 223.2 194.6 198.4 203.7 219.9 243.1 184.9 199.5
Total Supply 256.9 264.8 241.7 269.2 278.1 258.2 261.6 252.6 269.3 297.9 252.8 261.1
Domestic & Residual 123.3 113.4 115.0 122.7 120.2 128.1 127.4 126.4 124.5 136.5 110.1 125
Other -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Exports 94.7 124.6 103.1 108.8 114.9 90.8 104.7 95.6 108.3 113 101.6 106
Total  Use 218.0 238.0 218.0 231.5 235.1 218.8 232.2 222.0 232.8 249.5 211.7 231
Ending Stocks 39.0 26.8 23.7 37.7 43.0 39.3 29.4 30.6 36.5 48.5 41.1 30.1
Farm Price $4.25 $4.49 $8.08 $7.33 $7.65 $9.96 $12.80 $16.80 $14.40 $12.70 $14.30 $14.90
Ending Stocks to Use 17.9% 11.3% 10.9% 16.3% 18.3% 18.0% 12.7% 13.8% 15.7% 19.4% 19.4% 13.0%