Wednesday, June 25, 2008
Use Shock Chlorination To Disinfect Contaminated Wells
You can disinfect contaminated well water through a process called shock chlorination:
1. With the electricity off, remove as much sediment from around the well casing as possible. Clean the well cap and the outside of the casing with a solution of 1 ounce of laundry bleach in 2 gallons of clean water. Rinse with clean water and make sure that the casing and pumping system are completely dry before continuing.
2. Once everything is dry, turn on the electricity to the well pump. If the pump works, open an outside faucet and run water onto the ground for 15 to 60 minutes or until the water runs clear. Check each faucet in the home until it runs clear. Close all faucets and turn off the electricity to the pump.
3. Disconnect any household water filters or water softeners and drain the water heater. If you have a gas water heater, put out the pilot light. If your water heater is electric, turn off the power to the heater. Open the well by removing the well cap or the threaded plug in the cap.
4. Prepare a solution of household bleach and water. If your well is 3 to 4 inches in diameter, mix 2 quarts bleach in 10 gallons of clean water. For a well 5 to 6 inches in diameter, mix 1 gallon of bleach with 10 gallons of clean water. Be sure to use eye protection and rubber gloves when mixing.
5. Pour the diluted bleach solution into the well. Avoid pouring directly onto the pump wiring if possible. After turning on the electricity, circulate the solution in the well either by placing a garden hose into the top of the well and running the water for 15 minutes or by starting and stopping the pump several times.
6. Open every water outlet on the system one at a time. Run the water until you can smell the chlorine, then close the faucet. Flush the toilets, refill the water heater and allow the chlorine solution to remain in the system for at least eight hours.
7. After eight hours, run the chlorinated water from the system and have the water tested for bacterial safety. Obtain a water test kit from your county health department. You should continue to use an alternative water source or boil your water for a minimum of one minute until the laboratory reports that the water is safe.
8. Once you receive a safe test result, the water can be consumed. You should have the well tested again in about two weeks to make sure that the disinfection has been completely effective. If the water still contains dangerous amounts of bacteria, repeat the shock chlorination process.
For more information on shock chlorination, contact your county health department or your local University of Missouri Extension office. An MU Extension guide, "Bacteria in Drinking Water," which includes detailed guidelines on shock chlorination, is available online at http://extension.missouri.edu/xplor/envqual/wq0102.htm.
MU Extensionís Community Emergency Management Program maintains an extensive list of online resources related to flood preparation, response and recovery at http://extension.missouri.edu/cemp/flood.html.
Source: Bob Broz, 573-882-0085
|David Reinbott, email@example.com
Agriculture Business Specialist
Last modified: June 25, 2008