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G4090, Alternative Crops in Double-Crop Systems for Missouri
Double cropping increases the amount of time land is used for crop production and can increase potential profit. There are ecological as well as economic advantages to increasing the amount of time the land is used for production. A winter grain crop, traditionally wheat, can act as a cover crop to prevent erosion. A warm-season double crop, often soybean, may yield smaller returns than a full-season crop but often averages a positive net return. This high-intensity cropping system may reduce disease and pest incidence by breaking pest cycles.
related information: Agriculture > Equipment and facilities > Precision agriculture

G4099, Analyzing Cropping Systems
In tight financial times, businesses often try to reduce spending and improve their profits. Many farmers are currently operating their businesses under such conditions. Wise management decisions can improve profits in farming while reducing cash flow needs.
related information: Agriculture > Equipment and facilities > Precision agriculture

G4563, Grasshopper Control in Missouri Forage Crops and Pastures
Grasshoppers are relatively large insects, capable of doing considerable damage to many crops. In early summer, grasshoppers normally feed on grasses and weeds in non-crop areas, and later in the season, they move into fields. Grasshopper populations in Missouri are sporadic. In general, damage to crops is most severe in dry years.
related information: Emergency management > Emergencies and disasters > Terrorism

G4591, Estimating Silage Value to the Crop Producer
Silage is the harvest of whole corn plants at 60 to 70 percent whole plant moisture with kernels at 1/2 milk line to black layer. At this stage, maximum dry matter yield silage quality occurs.
related information: Emergency management > Emergencies and disasters > Terrorism

G4661, Warm-Season Annual Forage Crops
Annual warm-season grasses can be used as part of a year-round grazing system throughout Missouri. With adequate moisture and fertility, they rapidly produce high-quality forage during late spring and summer when cool-season forages are dormant. In addition, warm-season annual grasses work well in rotation with row crops or as emergency pastures. Although many annual crops are used for summer grazing, pearlmillet (Pennisetum americanum), sorghum-sudangrass (Sorghum bicolor) hybrids, and crabgrass (Digitaria sanguinalis) are the most common. Hay-feeding trials at the Southwest Center of the Missouri Agricultural Experiment Station indicate that properly supplemented animals could gain 1.6 to 1.8 pounds per day on sorghum-sudangrass and pearlmillet. Similar data have been reported for crabgrass.  
related information: Emergency management > Emergencies and disasters > Terrorism

G4953, Wheat-Soybean Double Crop Management in Missouri
Double-cropping soybeans after winter wheat has grown in popularity and feasibility in much of Missouri. This cropping system has several advantages. A crop, growing on the land all year, provides control of soil erosion. Spreading annual fixed costs such as land, taxes and machinery over two crops instead of one may increase gross returns per acre with relatively low increases in production costs. Thus profits per acre may be increased.
related information: Agriculture > Equipment and facilities > Precision agriculture

G6001, Pollinating Fruit Crops
Most fruit crops require pollination to ensure that fruit sets. Pollination is the transfer of grains of pollen from the anthers (male floral part) to the stigma (female floral part) of a flower (Figure 1). Pollen grains get caught on the sticky surface of the stigma, germinate and produce a tube that grows down the style and unites with the female cell in the ovary. This union is called fertilization. After fertilization occurs, seeds develop and the fruit enlarges.
related information: Business and workforce > Finance > Analysis and pricing

G7113, European Corn Borer: A Multiple-Crop Pest in Missouri
The European corn borer, Ostrinia nubilalis (Hübner), is perhaps the most destructive corn pest in Missouri and the entire Corn Belt. Crop losses and control costs associated with European corn borer infestations can exceed $1 billion annually in the United States and Canada. This Eurasian species was first observed in the United States near Boston in 1917, and by the 1940s it had migrated into Missouri.
related information: Business and workforce > Management and leadership > Management

G7115, Managing the Armyworm Complex in Missouri Field Crops
The true armyworm, Pseuduletia unipuncta (Haworth), overwinters as a partly grown larva in Missouri. Resident armyworms are further supplemented by migrants that arrive during the first week of April. There are two to three generations each year in Missouri, but the larvae of the first generation in May and June usually cause the most feeding damage. This insect requires 41 to 66 days to complete a generation (egg to adult). Female moths prefer to lay their eggs in dense, grassy vegetation. True armyworm larvae have two characteristics that distinguish them from other armyworm larvae by:
related information: Business and workforce > Management and leadership > Management

G9217, Soil Sampling Hayfields and Row Crops
Collecting a representative soil sample is an important step in developing a nutrient plan for your farm. The goals of your soil-sampling plan should be to
related information: Emergency management