University of Missouri Extension

M181, New February 2012

Dairy Grazing: Selecting the Right Forage

Smooth bromegrass (Bromus inermis Leyss.)

Cool-season grasses

Smooth bromegrass is a cool-season grass often used for hay, pasture, silage, green chop and erosion control. Its responsiveness to nitrogen fertilizer, ability to grow well with legumes, good drought-tolerance and excellent overwintering capacity make it important throughout the northern United States. Although Missouri is on the southern edge of its range, smooth bromegrass still provides a valuable resource for many farmers. Smooth bromegrass can easily suffer from overgrazing and does not regrow as well as other cool-season grasses. It is important to avoid clipping or grazing smooth bromegrass shorter than 4 inches. Fields clipped or grazed shorter than this do not regrow well or persist very long.

Smooth bromegrassSmooth bromegrass

Yield distributionYield distribution of smooth bromegrass in Missouri.

M shaped watermark
"M" shaped watermark on blade

Seed head
Seed head

Collar region
Collar region


M181 Dairy Grazing: Selecting the Right Forage | University of Missouri Extension

Order publications online at or call toll-free 800-292-0969.

University of Missouri Extension - print indicia