University of Missouri Extension

G7601, Reviewed January 2000

Seasonal Apiary Management for Missouri

BeeRaymond A. Nabors
Area Entomology Specialist
Delta Center

This guide provides a yearly management program to maintain beehives for satisfactory honey production.


December and January


Unite weak colonies Figure 1
Unite weak colonies


March (Table 1 for flowering periods)

Reverse brood chambers Figure 2
Reverse brood chambers.

When brood is present, only 10 percent of mites are on adult bees. Multiply the number of bees found by 10 to estimate what is actually present. When using ether roll or wash techniques, multiply by 500 when brood is present. If no brood is present, count the number of mites found. If you find fewer than 100 mites, monitor the colony monthly and plan a fall treatment. If you find 100 to 1,000 mites, treat as soon as possible after the honey is removed or before a honeyflow starts. If you find more than 1,000 mites, remove supers and treat for mites immediately. Reinfestation is likely.



Add new supers as needed Figure 3
Add new supers as needed.







October and November

Table 1
Flowering periods for Missouri honey plants.

Honey plant February March April May June July Aug. Sept. Oct.
Alfalfa   X X X X        
Aster           X X X X
Basswood       X X        
Birdsfoot trefoil     X X X X X X X
Brambles       X X        
Brassicas       X X        
Buckthorn     X X X        
Clover       X X        
Cotton           X X X  
Cucurbits         X X X    
Dandelion   X X X          
Elm   X X            
Fruit trees     X X          
Goldenrod           X X X X
Hawthorn     X X          
Honeysuckle     X X X X      
Locust       X X        
Maple   X X X          
Milkweed       X X X X    
Persimmon       X          
Poplar     X X          
Privet       X X        
Redbud     X            
Soybean           X X X  
Sumac     X X X X X    
Sunflower         X X X    
Tulip poplar       X X        
Vetch       X X        
Willow   X X X X X      

Missouri Apiculture Law provides for inspection of honey bees upon request. Out-of-state beekeepers are required to have inspections done before bringing honey bees or equipment into Missouri.


Samples of bees for diagnosis can be sent to the USDA Bioenvironmental Bee Laboratory, Building 476 BARC-E, Beltsville, Md. 20705.

G7601 Seasonal Apiary Management for Missouri | University of Missouri Extension

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