University of Missouri Extension

G6201, Revised September 2014

Vegetable Planting Calendar

Table 1
Planning and planting guides

  Approximate amount to plant (feet of row per person) Seed required for 100 feet of row Distance between rows (inches) Distance between plants in row (inches) Seed planting depth (inches) Days from planting to harvest
Vegetable Fresh use Processing Ounces (oz) Grams (g) Hand-cultivated Field implement
Cool–season vegetables
Beet 5–10 10–20 2 56 18 42 3 0.5 55–65
Broccoli 5–10 plants 5–10 plants 0.5 14* 30 42 24   70–80
Cabbage 3–5 plants 3–5 plants 0.25 7* 24 42 12   70–80
Carrot 5–10 10–15 0.25 7 18 42 3 0.25 70–85
Cauliflower 3–5 plants 5–10 plants 0.25 7* 24 42 24   65–75
Chinese cabbage 5–10   0.5 14 24 42 6 0.25 75–80
Collards 5–10   0.5 14 24 42 12 0.25 85–95
Endive 3–5   0.5 14 18 42 6 0.25 80–90
Kale 5–10 10–15 0.5 14 24 42 8 0.25 50–65
Kohlrabi 3–5   0.25 7 24 42 4 0.25 55–65
Lettuce, head 5–10   0.25 7* 18 42 6 0.25 55–80
Lettuce, other 5–10   0.25 7 18 42 3 0.25 35–50
Mustard greens 5–10 10–15 0.5 14 18 42 3 0.25 30–40
Onion, dry 25–50   sets or plants 18 42 3 1 (sets) 100–120  
Onion, green 10–15   sets or plants  18 42 3 2 (sets) 25–35  
Parsnip 10–15   0.5 14 24 42 3 0.5 150
Pea 10–15 25–30 16 454 24 42 2 1 65–75
Potato, Irish 50–100   tubers 30 42 12 4 100–120  
Radish 5–10   1 25 18 42 1 0.25 25–35
Salsify 10–15   1 28 24 42 3 0.25 150
Spinach 5–10 10–15 1 28 18 42 3 0.25 40–50
Swiss chard 5–10 10–15 2 56 18 42 3 0.5 55–65
Turnip, roots 10–15   0.5 14 18 42 6 0.25 50–60
Turnip, greens 5–10 10–15 0.5 14 18 42 3 0.25 35–45
Warm–season vegetables
Bean, lima (bush) 10–15 10–15 16 454 24 42 3 1 70–80
Bean, lima (pole) 3–5 hills 3–5 hills 8 227 30 42 36 1 85–95
Bean, snap (bush) 10–15 20–30 16 454 24 42 3 1 50–60
Bean, snap (pole) 3–5 hills 3–5 hills 8 227 30 42 36 1 60–70
Bean, wax 10–15 10–20 16 454 24 42 3 1 50–60
Cantaloupe 3–5 hills 3–5 hills 0.25 7 48 60 60 0.5 80–90
Cowpea 10–15 15–25 8 227 24 42 3 1 75–85
Cucumber 2–3 hills 3–5 hills 0.25 7 36 48 48 0.5 65–70
Eggplant 2–3 plants 2–3 plants 0.5 14* 24 42 24   80–90
Okra 3–5 5–10 2 56 30 42 12 0.5 55–60
Peanut 10–25 plants   8 227 30 42 6 1 135
Pepper 2–3 plants   0.5 14* 30 42 18   70–80
Pumpkin 3–5   1 28 48 60 60 0.5 110
Squash, summer 2–3 hills   0.5 14 48 60 48 0.5 80–90
Squash, winter 3–5 hills   0.5 14 48 60 60 0.5 100
Sweet corn 15–25 30–50 4 113 36 42 10 0.5 70–85
Sweet potato 5–10 slips   slips 30 42 12   150  
Tomato, ground 3–5 plants 5–10 plants 0.125 3.5* 48 60 36   70–80
Tomato, staked 3–5 plants 5–10 plants 0.125 3.5* 42 60 18   65–75
Perennial vegetables
Asparagus 10–15 crowns 10–15 crowns 1 28 48 48 18 0.5 3 years
Rhubarb 2–3 crowns 2–3 crowns     48 48 36 2 2 years
* For direct seeding. Normally these vegetables are planted in the garden as started plants.
G6201 Vegetable Planting Calendar | University of Missouri Extension

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