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Turfgrass Insects

Insecticide tables

Editor’s note
Due to the width of these tables, they may be easier to read in the publication PDF you can download from this page.

The following tables contain information describing active ingredients, products and target insects of insecticides currently labeled for turfgrass insect control. Insecticide labels are subject to change. These tables should be used only as a reference, with the current insecticide label serving as the authoritative guide for precautions and use requirements.

Reference to products in this publication is intended to convey objective, unbiased information and not an endorsement of the product over other similar products with similar results. Brand names are listed as a convenience for the reader, and their use does not imply endorsement by the University of Missouri or discrimination against similar products not mentioned. Other brand names may be labeled for use on turfgrasses. Individuals who use pesticides are responsible for ensuring the intended use complies with current regulations and conforms to the product label. Be sure to obtain current information about usage regulations and examine a product label before applying any chemical. For further assistance, contact your local extension specialist.

Table 1
Subsurface feeding insects: Labeled insecticides for use on turfgrasses.

Insecticides Acephatex Bifenthrin Carbaryly Chlorpyrifosx Chlorantraniliprole Clothianidin Clothianidin + bifenthrin Cyantraniprole Cyfluthrin Deltamethrin Dinotefuran Fipronil Halofenozide Imidacloprid Imidacloprid + bifenthrin Indoxacarb Lambda-cyhalothrin Permethrin Spinosad Thiamethoxam Thiamethoxam + lambda-cyhalothrin Trichlorfon
Insecticide Resistance Action Committee codes 1B 3 1A 1B 28 4A 3
4A
28 3 3 4A 2B 18A 4A 3
4A
22 3 3 5 4A 3
4A
1B
Billbugs   adult
control
only
larvae
control
only
adult
control
only
control control control control adult
control
only
adult
control
only
adult
control
only
  control control control   adult
control
only
    control control control
Black turfgrass ataenius control adult
control
only
larvae
control
only
adult
control
only
control control control larvae
control
only
adult
control
only
adult
control
only
control   control control control   adult
control
only
  adult
control
only
control adult
control
only
control
Crane flies   control control larvae
control
only
control control control control     control     control control control       control    
Green June beetles     control control control control control control     control   control control control   suppression     control control control
Japanese beetles     control control control control control control   adult
control
only
control   control control control   suppression     control control control
Masked chafers     larvae
control
only
control control control control control     control   control control control   suppression     control control control
May/June beetles     control control control control control control     control   control control control   suppression     control control control
Mole crickets control control   control   suppression control   control control control control   control control adult
control
only
control control control suppression control control
x Not for use on residential lawns
y Only spot treatments allowed on residential turf.

Table 2
Surface feeding insects: Labeled insecticides for use on turfgrasses.

Insecticides Acephatex Bifenthrin Carbaryly Chlorpyrifosx Chlorantraniliprole Clothianidin Clothianidin + bifenthrin Cyantraniprole Cyfluthrin Cypermethrin Deltamethrin Dicofolx Dinotefuran Halofenozide Imidacloprid Imidacloprid + bifenthrin Indoxacarb Lambda-cyhalothrin Permethrin Spinosad Thiamethoxam Thiamethoxam + lambda-cyhalothrin Trichlorfon
Insecticide Resistance Action Committee codes 1B 3 1A 1B 28 4A 3
4A
28 3 3 3 UC 4A 18A 4A 3
4A
22 3 3 5 4A 3
4A
1B
Armyworms (Fall) control control control control control control control control control   control   control control   control control control   control   control control
Bermudagrass mites   control   control     control   control   suppression control       control   control          
Chinch bugs control control control control suppression control control suppression control       1   suppression control     control   suppression control control
Cutworms control control control control control control control control control   control   control control suppression control control control   control   control control
Greenbug aphids control control control control   control control   control control         control control     control   control control  
Mealybugs control control control control   control control   control   control   control   control control   control control   control control  
Sod webworm control control control control control control control control control control control   control control   control control control control control control control control
x Not for use on residential lawns
y Only spot treatments allowed on residential turf.

Table 3
Nuisance/occasional insect pests: Labeled insecticides for use on turfgrasses.

Insecticides Acephatex Bifenthrin Carbaryly Chlorpyrifosx Clothianidin Clothianidin + bifenthrin Cyfluthrin Cypermethrin Deltamethrin Fipronil Hydramethylnon Imidacloprid + bifenthrin Indoxacarb Lambda-cyhalothrin Metaflumizone Methoprene Methoprene + hydramethylnon Permethrin Pyriproxyfen Spinosad Thiamethoxam Thiamethoxam + lambda-cyhalothrin
Insecticide Resistance Action Committee codes 1B 3 1A 1B 4A 3
4A
3 3 3 2B 20 3
4A
22 3 22 7A 20
7A
3 7C 5 4A 3
4A
Ants control a control control control control control control control control control control control control control control control control control control   control control
Centipedes   control control control     control control control     control   control       control        
Chiggers     control control   control   control control control       control               control
Crickets control control   control     control control control   control control control control       control       control
Earwigs control   control control     control control     control control control control       control        
Fleas control larvae
control
only
control control     control control adult
control
only
control   control   adult
control
only
      control   control control  
Grasshoppers control   control control   control control   control     control control control               control
Leafhoppers control control control control   control     control     control                 control  
Millipedes   control control control     control control       control   control       control        
Pillbugs control control   control   control control control control     control   control       control        
Sowbugs   control control control   control control control control     control   control       control        
Spiders     control       control control control                 control        
Spittlebugs control   control     control                             control  
Ticks   control control control   control control control control control   control   control                
Yellowjackets control           control control                   control        
aLabeled only for fire ant control in residential and commercial lawns.
x Not for use on residential lawns.
y Only spot treatments allowed on residential turf.

Table 4
IRAC codes, chemical classes and modes of action for insecticides.

Insecticide Resistance Action Committee code Chemical class Mode of action
1A carbamates Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors
1B organophosphates
2B fipronil GABA-gated chloride channel antagonist
3 pyrethroids Sodium channel modulators
4A neonicotinoids Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor antagonists
5 spinosyns Nicotinic acetylcholine allosteric activator
6 avermectins Chloride channel activators
7A juvenile hormone analogues Juvenile hormone mimics
7B fenoxycarb
7C pyriproxyfen
11B1 Bacillus thuringensis Microbial disruptors of insect mid-gut membranes
11B2
18A diacylhydrazines Ecdysone agonist/molting disruptors
20 hydramethylnon Mitochondrial complex III electron transport inhibitor
22 indoxacarb metaflumizone Voltage-dependent sodium channel blockers
28 diamides Ryanodine receptor modulator

Table 5
Common names and trade names of biological turfgrass insecticides.

Insecticide Resistance Action Committee code Common name Trade name
11B1 B.t. var. aizawai Xentari
11B2 B.t. var. kurstaki Biobit, Crymax, Dipel, Juvelin, Lepinox
Unclassified Bacillus popillae Milky Spore
Unclassified Nematodes: Steinernema spp. and Heterorhabditis spp. Millennium, BioVector, Nemashield

Table 6
Common names and trade names of turfgrass insecticides with IRAC code.

Insecticide Resistance Action Committee code Common name Trade name
1A carbaryl Sevin SL, Sevin 80WP, Sevin 10G
1B acephate Orthene T&O 75, Orthene T&O 97
1B chlorpyrifos Dursban 50W, Dursban Pro
1B trichlorfon Dylox 6.2G, Dylox 420SL, Dylox 80 T&O
2B fipronil Chipco Choice, Chipco Top Choice
3 bifenthrin Allectusz G, Allectus GC Granular, Allectus GC SC, Allectus SC, Aloftz GC SC, Aloft GC G, Onyx, Onyx Pro, Talstar F, Talstar GC Flowable, Talstar GC Granular, Talstar One
3 cyfluthrin Tempo 20 WP, Tempo Ultra SC, Tempo Ultra GC
3 cypermethrin Demon WP, Demon Max
3 deltamethrin DeltaGard GC, DeltaGard T&O, DeltaGard G
3 lambda-cyhalothrin Lambda, Battle GC, Demand CS, Demand EZ, Demand G, Scimitar CS, Scimitar GC Tandemz
3 permethrin Astro
4A clothianidin Arena 0.25G, Arena 0.5G, Arena 50WDG,  Aloftz GC G, Aloft GC SC, Aloft LC G, Aloft LC SC
4A dinotefuran Zylam 20SG
4A imidacloprid Allectusz G, Allectus GC Granular, Allectus GC SC, Allectus SC, Imidacloprid, Merit 0.5G, Merit 2F, Merit 75WP, Merit 75WSP, Mallet
4A thiamethoxam Meridian 0.33G, Merdian 25WG,  Tandemz
5 spinosad Conserve SC
7A s-methoprene Firestrikez, Extinguish, Extinguish Plusz
7B fenoxycarb Award Fire Ant Bait
7C pyriproxyfen Distance Fire Ant Bait
18A halofenozide Mach 2 2SC, Mach 2 1.5G
20 hydramethylnon Firestrikez, Extinguish Plus, SiegePro
22 indoxacarb Advion Ant Bait, Advion Fire Ant Bait, Advion Insect Bait,  Provaunt
28 chlorantraniliprole Acelypryn, Acelypryn G
28 cyantraniprole Ference
None dicofol Kelthane, Dicofol

z Allectus = imidacloprid + bifenthrin; Aloft = clothianidin + bifenthrin; Tandem = thiamethoxam + lambda-cyhalothrin;
Firestrike = s-methoprene + hydramethylnon; Extinguish Plus = s-methoprene + hydramethylnon.

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