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Vegetable Planting Calendar

Tomato

Rich in vitamins C

  • TomatoWhen selecting tomato transplants, choose healthy plants without any blooms. If the tomato plants have blooms or, worse, fruit before you transplant, pinch off the flowers or fruit. If tomatoes set fruit before the plant gets large enough - that is, produces enough leaves - the fruit is small and tasteless. Removing flowers or premature fruit allows the plant to produce more leaves that will make larger tomatoes throughout the growing season. The formula for successful tomato production is quite simple: Healthy leaves equal tasty fruit.
  • Because they are hidden from view, roots are often ignored. The tomato transplant should have a healthy root system. Vigorous roots are white without any sign of decay. Ideally, a to- mato transplant should be grown in a four-inch pot. If you use a peat pot for transplanting, place the rim of the pot below the soil line, and tear the pot slightly to aid in decomposition of the pressed peat.
  • Deep planting of tomatoes can be beneficial. Research has shown that planting up to the first true leaves of a tomato transplant can improve yield. If you are using cages to train your tomatoes, mulch before you place the cages around the plant. Also, spacing can vary depending on the method of training.
  • If you choose to individually stake each plant, space two feet between each plant. Plants in cages can be spaced three feet apart.
  • Prune off the lower stx inches of leaves. This will improve air circulation around the plant and prevent certain harmful diseases that develop when the tomato sets fruit.
  • Approximate planting per person per year, fresh, 3 to 5 plants
  • Approximate planting per person per year, process, 5 to 10 plants
  • 0.125 ounce of seeds for 100 feet of rowfor direct seeding. Normally planted in the garden as plants.
  • Minimum row space if hand cultivated, 48 inches not staked
  • Minimum row space if hand cultivated, 42 inches staked
  • Minimum row space if using field implements, 60 inches
  • 36 inches between plants in row if not staked
  • 18 inches between plants in row if staked
  • 75 to 90 days from planting to eating stage not staked
  • 70 to 75 days from planting to eating stage staked
  • 1,100 international units of vitamin A per 100 gram sample
  • 23 milligrams of vitamin C per 100 gram sample
  • Recommended varieties
    • Avalanche
      Fusarium wilt (Race 1) resistant
      70 days from transplanting to harvest
      Medium-large, crack resistant, productive
    • Beefmaster
      Verticillium wilt resistant
      Fusarium wilt (Race 1) resistant
      Root knot nematode resistant
      80 days from transplanting to harvest
      Large red beefstake type
    • Better Boy
      Verticillium wilt resistant
      Fusarium wilt (Race 1) resistant
      Root knot nematode resistant
      70 days from transplanting to harvest
      Medium-large, very popular
    • Big Beef
      Verticillium wilt resistant
      Fusarium wilt (Race 1 and 2) resistant
      Root knot nematode resistant
      Tobacco mosaic virus resistant
      73 days from transplanting to harvest
      Large fruit, smooth, indeterminate
    • Carolina Gold
      Yellow fruit, grey wall resistance
    • Celebrity
      Alternaria stem canker resistant
      Verticillium wilt resistant
      Fusarium wilt (Race 1 and 2) resistant
      Root knot nematode resistant
      Tobacco mosaic virus resistant
      Gray leaf spot (stemphylium) resistant
      70 days from transplanting to harvest
      Mid-early, determinate vine, smooth; fair cracking resistance
    • Floralina
      Mid-season
      Excellent quality
    • Florida 47
      Mid-season
      Heat set
    • Florida 91
      Mid-season
      Excellent quality
    • Jet Star
      Verticillium wilt resistant
      Fusarium wilt (Race 1) resistant 70 days from transplanting to harvest
      Productive, smooth, low acid
    • Mountain Delight
      Verticillium wilt resistant
      Fusarium wilt (Race 1 and 2) resistant
      Mid-season; good cracking resistance
    • Mountain Fresh
      Verticillium wilt resistant
      Fusarium wilt (Race 1 and 2) resistant
      Mid-season; good cracking resistance
    • Mountain Spring
      Verticillium wilt resistant
      Fusarium wilt (Race 1 and 2) resistant
      Midseason; excellent cracking resistance
    • Mountain Supreme
      Verticillium wilt resistant
      Fusarium wilt (Race 1 and 2) resistant
      Mid-season; early blight tolerance
    • Show-Me
      Fusarium wilt (Race 1) resistant
      72 days from transplanting to harvest
      Medium to large; crack resistant, productive
  • Related pages

Growing zones in Missouri
 

  • Recommended planting dates
    • South Missouri
      April 20 to May 10
    • Central Missouri
      May 10 to 20
    • North Missouri
      May 15 to 30

 

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G6201 Vegetable Planting Calendar | Page 41 | University of Missouri Extension