News release: Fruit Crossword Puzzle

Tim Baker, MU Extension Horticulture Specialist
102 N. Main, Suite 1, Gallatin, MO 64640
660-663-3232, bakert@missouri.edu

Release Date: January 7, 2016

Headline: Fruit Crossword Puzzle

For the past two years, I have released crossword puzzles on various horticultural topics for my columns. These have proven to be very popular, so I thought I would try it again, this time with fruit as a topic.

Like last time, some hints are easy. Others may take a bit of research. But hopefully you will learn a few things about fruits.  Answers will appear in my next column.

Across

1. One of the most common diseases found in Missouri grapes is _____ rot.
3. Perhaps the biggest pests of blueberries you will encounter are _____.
7. A common bacterial disease of apples and pears is _____.
9. A tiny fruit fly, Spotted Wing _____, has become a major pest in Missouri of several fruits.
12. Some fruits are self-pollinated, and do not require a different variety to set fruit. _____-pollinated fruits do require pollen from another variety to get a good yield.
14. The custard apple family is generally native to the tropics. However, one member of that family is native to Missouri, the _____.
16. The same organism of an interesting fungal disease infects trees of two different species, apples and _____ trees.
17. A fruit which is enjoying resurgence in popularity due to its attributed medicinal properties is the _____.
19. Common diseases of fruits can be caused by fungal, bacterial or _____ pathogens.
21. Rootstocks are used for _____ control.
22. The structures used in maintaining fruits have their own terminology. _____ is a term used in grapes.
24. If you need to lower soil pH, elemental _____ is used.
27. A nectarine is a fuzzless ____.
28. _____ or other pollinating insects are needed for good yields in apples and many other fruits and vegetables.
29. Mice, _____, and other rodents may chew the bark off of young fruit trees.
30. Apples are best pruned to a central leader, while peaches do better when pruned to an _____ center form.
31. Fruit trees are sometimes pruned to grow against a wall or fence. We refer to this process as _____.
32. Many temperate zone fruits must experience a certain number of hours below 45 degrees F. to grow properly. We call this a _____ requirement.
33. Dates come from a _____ tree.
35. Peaches, nectarines, cherries, plums, and apricots are known as _____ fruits.
36. The Latin name for grapefruit is Citrus _____.
37. The native grape of the south is known as a _____.
38. The wood from the variety that we graft to the rootstock is called the _____.

Down

2. Blueberries require a very _____ soil.
4. Before planting any fruit crop, it’s a good idea to get a _____ test.
5. Unlike carpenter saws which cut when you push, pruning saws cut when you _____.
6. Botanically speaking, a strawberry is not a berry. It is an _____ fruit.
7. Most fruits are borne on wood which grew in the last growing season. Some will, however grow on current season wood. One example is the _____.
8. The Red Necked Cane Borer is a pest of _____.
10. Many of our temperate zone fruits are found in the _____ family.
11. _____ send out stolons that produce daughter plants.
13. Dormant oil is used to control _____ insects.
15. Blueberries do not do well in soils which have high _____.
18. With traditional blackberries and raspberries, the cane that comes up the first year is referred to as a primocane. That same cane flowers and produces fruit the next year. It is referred to as a _____.
20. Known as a Chinese date, the _____ will grow in our area.
23. Nursery stock can bring diseases to your planting. _____ cultured plants are usually disease-free, and are the best to purchase if available.
25. Strawberries need to be renewed every year to produce well. We call this process _____.
26. _____ are vigorous shoots coming up from the root system of fruit trees. They should be removed.
27. The fruit of the _____ tree is delicious when ripe, but is very astringent if picked too early.
29. Traditional wine grapes from Europe do well in California, but are marginal in Missouri. They are known as Vitus _____.
34. The Latin name for our common apple is ____ domestica. The genus indicates that the predominate organic acid found in apples is malic acid.