News release: Vegetable Crossword Puzzle Answers

Tim Baker, MU Extension Horticulture Specialist
102 N. Main, Suite 1, Gallatin, MO 64640
660-663-3232, bakert@missouri.edu

Release Date: January 22, 2015

Headline: Vegetable Crossword Puzzle Answers

Here are the answers to my vegetable crossword puzzle.

Across

2) Popeye loved his (SPINACH).    

5) The squash vine borer is actually a (MOTH). The adult moth lays its eggs on the vine near the base of the plant.  After hatching, the larva tunnels into the stem, and eats away.  This can eventually cause a sudden wilt and death of the plant.

6) You eat the immature flower head of this vegetable.  (BROCCOLI).  You eat this before the flower head opens up and blooms.  If you wait too late, it will have a very strong taste.

7) Botanically speaking, a tomato is a fruit. Specifically it is a (BERRY). And strawberries and blackberries are not classed as berries.  They are aggregate fruits.

8) Although it is in the same plant family as tomatoes, we don't eat this common, cultivated crop plant. (TOBACCO). They are both part of the solanaceae (nightshade) family.

11) Beets and (SWISS CHARD) have the same genus and species, Beta vulgaris.

12) (SOUTHERN) peas love hot weather. English peas need cooler weather, but southern peas love the heat.

14) To control bacterial diseases, (COPPER)-based products are often recommended.  Copper usually helps prevent the spread of bacterial diseases, but usually does not eliminate them.

15) Spinach comes in two types: smooth and (SAVOY).

16) Don't over-till.  It destroys organic matter and could create a hard (PAN). Over-tilling is not a good thing, in spite of the nice bed it makes for plants.  Keep tilling to a minimum.

18) This vegetable is the same genus and species as Queen Anne's Lace. (CARROT)

20) Plants in the family Fabaceae are known for the ability of their roots to fix nitrogen. We call these plants (LEGUMES). Using legumes means using less nitrogen, which saves on the fertilizer bill compared to non-leguminous plants.

21) (MULCH) helps conserve water and keep the weeds down. Mulch also cools the soil, which is desirable in hot weather, but not in the spring.

23) The tassel is the (MALE) flower of corn. The tassel produces pollen, which falls to the silk, which pollinates the ear.

24) Carrots should never be (TRANSPLANTED). Since you eat the taproot of the carrot plant, attempts at transplanting rarely work, since you usually don’t get all of the taproot.  This results in a strange shape at best, and a crop failure at worst.

26) An insect that absolutely loves eggplant leaves is the (FLEA) beetle. You can keep flea beetles at bay by using specially-designed fabric to exclude them.  After the plants attain a good size, and start to flower, remove the fabric. The plants can better withstand flea beetle feeding at this point.

27) Asparagus is (DIOECIOUS), with separate male and female plants. Dioecious is a Latin term, meaning “two houses”.

 

Down

1) Axillary shoots are sometimes removed on tomatoes. These are also known as (SUCKERS). Many varieties respond well to this practice, producing more and better fruit.

2) Beets and (SWISS CHARD) have the same genus and species, Beta vulgaris.

3) Tomatoes are classed as either determinate or (INDETERMINATE). Determinate plants have limited growth potential after a certain point, while indeterminate plants keep on growing.

4) Though unrelated, two common vegetables share the same name: Irish and sweet (POTATOES).

9) This caterpillar is known by several names: Corn earworm, tomato fruitworm, soybean pod worm, and the (COTTON) bollworm. Yes, they’re all the same critter.

10) Seed should not be saved from hybrid varieties, but from (OPEN POLLINATED) varieties. It may be illegal to save seed from hybrid varieties.  But even if it’s not, future generations will segregate into many types, and you may not get a plant that looks like the parent.

13) Bacterial wilt in muskmelon is carried by this insect. (CUCUMBER BEETLE)

14) Blossom end rot is a physiological disorder of several vegetables, caused by a (CALCIUM) deficiency in the fruit. Blossom end rot is not caused by a pathogen, but by a lack of sufficient calcium in the plant. There may be plenty of calcium in the soil, but there may not be.  Get a soil test to know for sure.

15) Potatoes, tomatoes, peppers, and eggplant all belong to this family. (SOLANACEAE). This is the nightshade family.  Many plants in this family are poisonous, but these vegetables are safe to eat.  However, never eat the true fruit of a potato. It looks like a green tomato, but is toxic.

17) The most common vegetable diseases are caused by fungi, bacteria, and (VIRUSES).

19) A gynecious cucumber only develops (FEMALE) flowers.

22) (HEIRLOOM) vegetables are varieties that are older than 50 years. Heirloom varieties have really grown in popularity, especially among gardeners who save seed.

25) If you have a heavy soil, your vegetables will do much better in wet weather on a (RAISED) bed.