News release: Answers to Trees of Missouri Crossword Puzzle

Tim Baker, MU Extension Horticulture Specialist
102 N. Main, Suite 1, Gallatin, MO 64640

Release Date: January 9, 2014

Title: Answers to Trees of Missouri Crossword Puzzle

My last column was a crossword puzzle on trees of Missouri. This week, I provide the answers, with a little educational discussion to further explain some of them.

A native tree in the custard apple family. (Pawpaw). The custard apple family is found mostly in the tropics, but a few species, such as the pawpaw, can be found in temperate zones.  It is said to have a tropical flavor.
7. State Tree of Missouri. (Dogwood)
11. A needled tree that loses its leaves in the winter is the Bald __(Cypress)__.
12. A tree in the citrus family that grows in southern Missouri is the __(Trifoliate)__ Orange. The tree is closely related to standard citrus trees. The fruit looks very much like an orange, even when you cut it open. Although it will tolerate southern Missouri winters, unfortunately it is not edible.
16. This tree makes great fence posts, but is not in the citrus family. (Osage orange). Although it is referred to as an “orange”, this one is not in the citrus family. It’s also known as hedge, hedge apple, or bois d’arc.
19. Tree that sounds like a female sheep. (Yew). Yews come in all sizes, from trees to shrubs.
20. Insect-caused growth on leaves or woody parts of trees. (Galls).  Insect-caused galls are usually not an immediate danger to the tree, although they can look very unsightly. Some disease-caused galls, however, can kill a tree.
21. From the Latin, 'Tree of Life'. (Arborvitae).
23. A redwood tree that grows in Missouri is the __(Dawn)__ Redwood. This tree was thought to be extinct, but was discovered alive and well in a remote part of China in 1945. I’ve seen excellent specimens at the Missouri Botanical Garden in St. Louis, and on our own MU campus in Columbia.
24. Chinese Date. (Jujube). Dates grow on palm trees, and palm trees don’t grow in Missouri.  The jujube, however, will grow in zones 6-9, which makes it a candidate for some parts of southern Missouri. I tasted one once, and yes, the flavor does resemble a date.
25. Gathers nutrients and water for a tree, also providing support. (Roots).

Most temperate zone trees can survive very low temperatures, but their flowers may be subject to __(Frost)__ damage.
2. The lack of this substance may cause leaves to drop prematurely. (Water).
3. This insect eats pine needles. (Sawfly).
5. Tree that makes delicious syrup. (Maple).
6. Tannenbaum. (Christmas tree).
8. Vascular plants are either angiosperms or __(Gymnosperms)__. The seeds of gymnosperms are not enclosed by fruits, as angiosperms are. A common tree classified as a gymnosperm is the ginkgo. Gymnosperms also include cedars, cypresses, firs, junipers, pines, redwoods, spruces, and yews.
9. Most major pruning should be done in late __(Winter)__. This is especially true for deciduous trees, which are best pruned when dormant. However, trees may be pruned at any time, especially if a danger to life or property.
10. Full of chloroplasts, this part of the tree is where photosynthesis occurs. (Leaf).
13. Moonlight and __(Magnolias)__. Someone told me that the phrase, “Moonlight and magnolias”, reminds them more of Mississippi than Missouri.  But hey, we can grow Magnolia grandiflora in Missouri too! I’ve seen excellent specimens growing as far north as Columbia.  And if the Southern Magnolia won’t grow in north Missouri, we have Saucer magnolias, which do well as far north as zone 5, as long as the frost doesn’t hit their beautiful flowers in the spring.
14. Tree that loses its leaves. (Deciduous).
15. Insect that loves eastern red cedar, creating a small bag out of its leaves. (Bagworm)
17. If you try to eat the unripe fruit of this tree, it will be too astringent to eat. (Persimmon).
18. Oak Genus. (Quercus).
22. The most colorful time of the year for many trees. (Autumn).