Help for Type II Diabetes
By: Candance Gabel, MS, RD,
Associate State Nutrition Specialist,
Family Nutrition Education Program
Adapted from: Prevention and Therapeutic Nutrition Handbook
Nutrition and Lifeskills
for Missouri Families
If you have Type II Diabetes Mellitus,
weight control to achieve and maintain a desirable body weight is an
important goal. Weight loss has been shown to improve blood glucose
control. You can also improve your blood glucose levels by following the
"no concentrated sweets" eating plan and cutting back on the fat
in your meals. These suggestions may help.
- Eat three meals each day.
- Fill up on "free foods" such
as lettuce, celery, sugar-free gelatin, broth, etc.
- Eat an apple a day.
- Avoid high consumption of fruit juices,
especially in the morning.
- Include beans (without added fat) in
your meals at least twice a week.
- Eat a high fiber cereal that contains 6
grams of fiber per serving for breakfast; avoid those cereals that are
high in sugar.
- Avoid adding sugar to coffee or
- Switch to sugar-free alternatives for
snacks, beverages, and desserts.
- Trim all fat and skin from meat before
- Try a vegetarian entrée for
- In recipes, substitute two egg whites
for each egg yolk, and substitute applesauce for oil.
- Try substituting whole-wheat flour for
- Use whole-wheat pastas for
- Take 30-minute walks on most days of the
- If you have specific questions regarding
your diet prescription see a registered dietitian or your physician.
Other Diet and Disease
Educational Support Materials:
Heart Disease Hypertension