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Vector Drawing Program for both Windows and Mac.
Audio Video Interleave
Movie format for Windows Platforms.
||A Macintosh file format which enables
a binary file to be transferred over the Internet as an
ASCII file. Using a program like Stuffit, a file can be
encoded and renamed with an “.hqx” extension. The recipient
uses a similar program to decode the file.
||Bitmap is a raster image format used to store and display color and grayscale images.
The format supports 24 bit color, which makes it suitable for photos.
Sheets are attached to HTML documents to define how those documents are displayed when accessed via a browser.
With CSS, web developers can define a style for an HTML
element and then apply it to as many Web pages as they'd
||Encapsulated PostScript is a
platform-independent printing format used for storing vector information.
EPS is the standard format for the graphics industry because
of it's scalability and excellent print quality.
||Graphics Interchange Format
Raster format for DOS, Windows, Macintosh and UNIX
GIF files are used for screen presentation (72dpi) not for print applications.
You can store several GIF images in one file and exchange
them at specified time intervals. These changes make it look
like an animated file.
GIF should only be used on the Internet if the image only requires 256
colors. Images that have more than 256 colors should be saved as JPEG.
JPEG or JPG
||Joint Photographic Experts Group a
raster graphics format which compresses an image to save
space for DOS, Windows, Macintosh and UNIX.
JPG has a highly efficient way of compressing images and is used
for large photos. (Images with a maximum of 256
colors should be stored as GIF, which have a more efficient way of
compressing these images.)
JPG compression will reduce file size by about 5 to 20
||Musical Instrument Digital Interface
Computers with a MIDI
interface can record sounds created by a synthesizer and then manipulate the
data to create new sounds. A variety of programs are available for composing and
editing music conforming to the MIDI standard.
||Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions
A protocol that enables you to include
various types of files as an attachment to an
||Motion Picture Experts Group A high quality video format used
for Internet files. A helper application is usually needed to
view MPEG files.
||A group of interconnected computers capable of exchanging information. A network
can be as few as several personal computers on a LAN or as large as the
Internet, a worldwide network of computers.
||Photo CD is Kodak’s primary format for
storing images on CD.
Raster format for PC platforms
||Portable Document Format
PDF enables files to be viewed on Mac, PC, Unix, or
Linux computers regardless of the program originally used to
create them. PDF files retain the “look and feel” of the
original document including special formatting, graphics, and
PDF files are produced by Adobe Acrobat or other applications with add-ons.
(e.g., Adobe Pagemaker or In-Design.) The Acrobat Reader program is
required to view a PDF file.
||PICTure is a Raster format
mainly for Mac applications. PICT holds
QuickDraw vector images, bitmapped images and text and is
the Mac counterpart to the Windows Metafile (WMF) format.
When PICT files are converted to the PC, they use the .PCT
||Printer Control Language
PLC is a Hewlett-Packard (HP) page description language for raster
printing on HPs printers.
|Portable Network Graphics
PNG was designed to replace the GIF format.
PNG files can hold up to 48-bit color and can use variable transparency (alpha
channels). PNG compression is in most cases slightly better than GIF.
10-30% better compression.)
PostScript A page description language for both PC
and Mac platforms, primarily
used for printing documents on laser printers. PS is the
standard for desktop publishing because it takes advantage
of high resolution output devices.
Adobe Photoshop’s native file format.
||Paint Shop Pro
Paint Shop Pro's native file format.
Movie format designed by Apple.
||Rich Text Format
RTF is the “standard” from Microsoft to transfer text
and images between applications running on Windows and Mac
OS. RTF enables special characteristics like fonts and
margins to be included within an ASCII file.
|SIT, SEA, SIT.HQX, SEA.HQX are
all extensions generated by Stuffit. Stuffit is a file compression utility for
Macintoshes. Compressed files are referred to as “stuffed”
and usually end with a “.sit” file extension. A special kind
of stuffed file is self-extracting and ends with a “.sea”
extension. Stuffed binary files can be converted to ASCII
format for transfer over the Internet; such files have a
“.sit.hqx” or “.sea.hqx” extension.
||Scalable Vector Graphics
SVG is used to describe two-dimensional graphics in XML.
SVG supports vector graphics which make files very small and fast to transmit.
SVG is supported by most web browsers.
SWF and FLA (Flash source file) are multimedia formats for
the web. SWF files support exact positioning of graphical objects
(unlike HTML.) SWF supports vector graphics which
make files very small and fast to
Raster format for PC, Unix, Linux, Mac
|Tag Image File Format
Platform independent raster format for image files.
TIFF is supported in almost every image and word processing software.
||WordPerfect Graphics Metafile
WPG is the native graphics file format for WordPerfect.
||Microsoft Windows Metafile
WMF is a vector graphics format for
A Windows-based file compression utility. Compressed
files are referred to as “zipped”.
A special kind of zipped file is self-extracting and ends with a “.exe”