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Glossary of food defense terms and acronyms

  • APHIS
    The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. This agency provides leadership in ensuring the health and care of animals and plants.
  • CDC
    The centers for disease control and prevention which is the nation′s premier public health agency—working to ensure healthy people in a healthy world.
  • CFSAN
    The FDA Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN). This is under the FDA umbrella.
  • Countermeasure
    An action taken to shield a vulnerable area, reducing the risk of intentional contamination.
  • Food defense
    Protecting the food supply from intentional contamination.
  • Food safety
    Protecting the food supply from unintentional contamination.
  • FDA
    The United States Food and Drug Administration. This agency is responsible for seeing that food (other than meat, poultry and eggs), cosmetics, medicines, and feed and drugs for livestock and pets are safe, effective and truthfully labeled.
  • FSIS
    The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food Safety and Inspection Service. This agency is responsible for ensuring that the nation's commercial supply of meat, poultry, and egg products is safe, wholesome, and correctly labeled and packaged.
  • HACCP
    Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point is a preventative system in which safety is designed into the food formulation and the production process.
  • Morbidity
    The presence of illness or disease.
  • Mortality
    Death caused by illness
  • Shelf life
    The length of time that a specific food product can remain on the shelf at a retail establishment and retain optimal safety and quality.
  • WMD
    Weapons of mass destruction.