Are You at Risk of Diabetes?
Simply defined, diabetes is a condition that affects the way the body uses energy in food. During digestion, glucose, a form of sugar, is released from carbohydrates in food. Once absorbed into the blood, its referred to as blood glucose, or blood sugar. Among healthy people, insulin, which is made in the pancreas, regulates blood sugar levels. It allows glucose to pass into your body cells where its changed to energy.
People with diabetes have trouble controlling their blood sugar levels. With diabetes, the body doesnt produce enough insulin or cant use it properly. As a result, the body cannot use energy nutrients -- carbohydrates, protein, and fat -- in their normal way. Glucose accumulates in blood, causing blood sugar levels to rise. Rather than being used for energy, blood sugar passes out of the body through urine. That makes extra work for the kidneys, causing frequent urination and excessive thirst.
Actually there are 3 types of diabetes:
How do you know if you have diabetes? Diabetes often is detected by a urine test. If positive, blood tests are given to measure your blood sugar levels. Symptoms of high blood sugar levels sometimes include tiredness, increased thirst, increased urination, infections and cuts that dont heal, blurred vision, hunger, and weight loss.
Your chances are higher for Type-II diabetes if you:
This information is an overview of diabetes, but not specific advice on managing individual cases. Consult your doctor if you or anyone in your family has diabetes or its symptoms.