Implementing Quality Deer Management on Your Property

White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) are the most popular game species in Missouri, and the state’s deer population is estimated to be about 1.4 million. The current success of Missouri’s deer management program is a tribute to the science of wildlife management, the increase in suitable habitat and regulation of season length and bag limits.

Historically, deer managers concentrated on increasing deer populations by protecting antlerless deer from harvest.Recent research has demonstrated that the overall quality of a deer herd can be improved through management practices commonly referred to as quality deer management (QDM). Numerous landowners and hunting clubs across the United States have successfully adopted this approach to managing white-tailed deer populations. An increasing number of Missouri deer hunters and landowners are interested in the potential for implementing QDM strategies on property they hunt or own (Figure 1).

Figure 1. A cornerstone of quality deer management is achieving a balanced age structure in the deer herd, which involves allowing bucks to reach at least 3-1/2 years of age before harvesting.


24 tips for packing a healthy, affordable lunch

School is back in session and you probably went to great lengths to ensure your child has the right equipment — pens, notebooks, clothing — to make it through the day. Proper nutrition is also a key ingredient for back-to-school success because it fuels brain cells and gives your child the energy and nutrients he or she needs for optimal learning. Packing your child’s lunch lets you know exactly what he or she is eating. Follow these tips and not only will you save money, you will also pack a nutritious lunch that your child will enjoy.

Save money!

Make it nutritious!

  • Pack a rainbow! Provide a variety of options — the more color, the more nutrients.
  • A healthy lunch should contain foods from each of the five food groups: Carbohydrates, protein, dairy, fruits and vegetables. Choose whole-grain products like bread, tortillas, pita bread, bagels or whole-grain crackers. These are more nutritious, have more fiber, vitamins and minerals, and keep blood sugar steady for optimal learning.
  • Select protein foods wisely. Use lean meat like chicken or turkey breast, hard-boiled eggs, tuna packed in water, beans or peanut butter. Protein in every meal helps keep blood sugar steady.
  • Buy fruits and vegetables that are in season and serve them creatively. Examples include baby carrots with yogurt dip or other cut vegetables with low-fat dip or hummus.
  • Choose low-fat or fat-free dairy products like yogurt, milk and cheese. These are great calcium and protein sources.
  • For side items, re-think that bag of chips. Instead, choose carrots sticks, celery sticks with peanut butter and raisins, apple slices with peanut butter, fruit salad, whole fruit, raisins or pretzels.
  • For dessert, think beyond the cookie. Try whole-grain graham crackers, ginger snaps, raisins, unsweetened applesauce, homemade muffins or fresh fruit.
  • Choose a beverage that hydrates, like water, or choose low-fat or fat-free milk for additional protein, calcium and vitamin D. Avoid drinks with calories and no nutrients.

Make it fun!

  • Add some fun touches to the meal. The traditional peanut butter and jelly sandwich can become pretty boring. Get a couple of cookie cutters and have kids cut the sandwich into different shapes.
  • Include the kids in the preparation process and give them choices. Take them along when grocery shopping. Let them pick one new fruit or vegetable each week that they would like to try. Let them help pack their lunch.
  • Think beyond bread when making sandwiches. Think whole-grain bagels, whole-grain pita wraps and whole-wheat tortillas. A good alternative is a whole-wheat pita pocket with hummus, shredded vegetables and grilled chicken strips.
  • Pack a variety of options to keep a child’s interest. Avoid packing the same lunch every day — this prevents kids from getting bored.
  • Vary the preparation. Try grilled or baked, chopped or grated, plain or with a dip.
  • Practice good nutrition yourself. Children learn by association — you need to be a role model. Discuss with them the benefits of healthy eating.
  • Don’t get discouraged if your child rejects a food on first taste. It can take 15 to 20 tries before a child gets used to a new food.

A nutritious lunch does not have to be boring or cost you a fortune. Making small changes can save you money. Try one or two tips each week and soon you should see some relief in your grocery bills. Remember that well-nourished children have a greater chance of success at school because they have the fuel and the energy they need to play and learn.

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Car seat safety

Child safety seats and booster seats may seem like a hassle, but it’s important to know how to use them properly to protect children. Car crashes kill more children 1 to 14 years old than any other cause, so adults need to know which child safety seats to use and how to install them correctly.

Missouri’s Child Restraint Law states the following:

  • Child Safety Seat: Children under 4 years old or weighing less than 40 pounds must be in an appropriate child safety seat.
  • Booster seat with lap and shoulder belt: Children 4 to 7 years old who weigh at least 40 pounds must be in an appropriate child safety seat or booster seat unless they are 80 pounds or 4'9" tall.
  • Lap and shoulder safety belts: Children 8 years and older or weighing at least 80 pounds or at least 4'9" tall are required to be secured by a safety belt or booster seat appropriate for that child.

There are many reasons children need the protection of proper restraint in a vehicle. The bones of young children are soft and their ligaments are looser than those of adults. They need the assistance of the appropriate car seat, booster seat or lap and shoulder belts to be held securely. These tools also protect the child from hitting or being hit by something or someone during a crash. Even during a sudden stop, these devices secure children in place, absorbing the force of such an abrupt movement and spreading that impact out safely.

Installing the car safety seat or booster seat correctly is key to its functioning well. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) provides a lot of helpful information on their Car Seat Safety website, including a series of videos showing how to install and use various types of devices. The American Academy of Pediatrics also has a helpful guide called Car Seats: Information for Families. This guide has good explanations of what to use for the specific age and size of a child, as well as answers to some frequently asked questions.

A child’s young life is too precious to leave to chance. Use a car safety seat or booster seat as recommended, even on short trips. No one ever knows when an accident will happen — that’s why we call them accidents!

For more information on safely installing a car safety seat or booster seat, and how to properly restrain a child of any age, contact local law enforcement officials or the local Health Department. They will be able to guide you to a certified child passenger safety technician. Another resource is the Missouri Department of Transportation’s Safety website.

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Clark County's community classroom

MU Extension is the University of Missouri’s classroom in Clark County. We connect people to research-based education to enrich the quality of life and enhance the economic well-being of our communities.

MU Extension partners with the Clark County Commission and other local organizations to provide education, information and services that meet people’s needs. The elected and appointed members of the Clark County extension council provide guidance in identifying those needs to ensure that our educational programs are relevant, reliable and responsive.

Whether it’s resources for yourself or your family, farm, business or community, we invite you to explore our website, call or email to learn how we can help you.


The 2015 Clark County Plat Book is here!

You can purchase the new 2015 Clark County Plat Book for $40 or a county wall map for $65 at the Clark County Extension Office located at 111.E. Court St Ste 10 Kahoka, MO.