Annual Wheat Tour is scheduled for Tuesday, June 2

The Barton County Wheat Tour will be held on Tuesday, June 2nd at 6:30 pm at the David Sheat farm.  Kevin Bradley, MU Extension state weed specialist, will speak about new herbicides in wheat and application timing.  This event is free.  Refreshments provided by Barton County 4-H following the program.

Directions: Go east of Lamar on 160 to A Hwy; north on A Hwy 1 ¼ miles; plots are on the east side of the road. 

Call the Barton County Extension at 417-682-3579 to register.

Weekly Crop Scouting Report

May 13 - Spray for Head Scab; Armyworms found in Dade County; Keep scouting in wheat

PDF         Audio

Jill Scheidt, agronomy specialist with University of Missouri Extension, scouted fields east of Carthage in Jasper County on May 13 and along with fields near Arcola in Dade County. She found several things of concern in the wheat and armyworms in fescue fields.

Wheat Fields
“Wet, humid weather increases the possibility of Fusarium head scab infecting wheat during flowering, so applying a fungicide like Caramba, Prosaro or Proline during flowering is advised. To be effective, fungicide labels say applications need to be made during flowering so do not spray unless the entire field is in the flowering stage,” said Scheidt.

Fusarium is identified by a pink colored fungus on the kernel and can cause blank kernels and mycotoxins that are toxic to humans and livestock.

Scheidt observed stripe rust on wheat leaves and advises using one of the above fungicides to stop further progression of the disease if it moves toward the flag leaf.

“If some wheat heads are twisted and bent, heads did not normally emerge due to weather conditions. Over time, heads should straighten and should not cause yield loss unless the racine, which the spikelets are connected to, is broken and nutrients are unable to move up to the spikelets at the top of the head,” said Scheidt.

Scheidt did not find armyworms in area wheat but advises that scouting should begin now. She has a video demonstrating how to scout available at http://www.youtube.com/MUExtension417.

Corn Fields
Scheidt observed corn in the 2-4 leaf stage and still advises black cutworm scouting occur until the 4-5 leaf stage.  “Look for clipped plants and black worms nearby,” said Scheidt.

Scheidt did not see enough slug or European corn borers feeding to warrant an insecticide application.  “Slugs leave uneven holes on leaves, while European corn borers feed through the whorl, leaving holes horizontally across the leaf,” said Scheidt.

European corn borers feeding

European corn borers feeding.

Army Worms
Scheidt did report finding one to three armyworms per square foot in fescue fields near Arcola, in Dade County on Wednesday, May 13. The threshold level for armyworms in fescue or wheat is four per square foot. 

“These armyworms were a half inch to an inch long, which means I probably missed some,” said Schmidt. “These are younger larvae, so more damage is likely to come.”

She did not see any head clipping, just a little foliage feeding. Treatment would include 3-4.3 oz/ac of Mustang or 1.28-1.92 oz/acre Warrior, which is labeled for control of armyworm in fescue pastures. None have been seen in wheat yet.

“Scout for armyworm by aggressively beating wheat or fescue, then look on the ground for worms,” said Scheidt.

The weekly field scouting report is sponsored by University of Missouri and Barton County Extension. For more information on the scouting report, or to learn how to receive the information earlier by telephone, contact the Barton County Extension Center at (417) 682-3579.

Additional resources:

2015 Pest Management Guide

 

Previous weekly crop reports

 

2015 Crop Scouting Program enrollment

The Crop Scouting Telephone Update informs producers of pest threats.  A weekly, 2 minute recorded message and an email is sent out containing research based information on: environmental issues, nutrient deficiencies, pest threshold level, pest description, damage description and pest control.  Several fields in Barton County and surrounding counties are physically scouted each week; the report is based on those observations. 

Weekly scouting begins in mid March and ends in November; monthly telephone and email updates run November to February.

The cost of the program is $35 per phone number, $95 for three numbers and $30 per phone number for four or more numbers. 

The weekly field scouting report is sponsored by University of Missouri Extension and Barton County Extension.  To receive the 2015 weekly scouting reports, print the 2015 Crop Scouting Enrollment Form, complete and return with payment to Barton County Extension, 801 E 12th, Lamar, MO 64759 or contact the MU Extension Center in Barton County, 417-682-3579.

2015 Crop Scouting Enrollment Form

 

Search for Missouri Century Farms continues

If your farm has been in your family since Dec. 31, 1915, you can apply to have it recognized as a Missouri Century Farm.

To qualify, farms must meet the following guidelines: The same family must have owned the farm for 100 consecutive years. The line of ownership from the original settler or buyer may be through children, grandchildren, siblings, and nephews or nieces, including through marriage or adoption. The farm must be at least 40 acres of the original land acquisition and make a financial contribution to the overall farm income.

Applicants certified as owners of a 2015 Missouri Century Farm will be recognized by the local MU Extension office in the county where the farm is located. Applicants are presented with a sign and a certificate.

Since Missouri began the program in 1976, more than 8,000 century farms have been recognized.

For applications received by May 1, a $65 fee covers the cost of a certificate, farm sign and booklet for approved applicants. If the application is received between May 1 and May 15, the cost is $75. Applications must be postmarked by May 15, 2015, to be considered.

For application forms and information, call MU Extension Publications toll-free at 1-800-292-0969, contact your local MU Extension office, 682-3579, or visit the program website at http://extension.missouri.edu/centuryfarm.

2014CenturyFarm

The Crabtree family was honored as Barton County's newest Missouri Century Farm at the 2014 Lamar Fair.
 

Links to other resources:

Current soil temperatures in Lamar are updated every five minutes and can be found at http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/realtime/lamar.asp
 

Popular extension publications

MU Extension publication G427, 2011 Cash Rental Rates in Missouri
MU Extension publication G302, 2009 Custom Rates for Farm Services in Missouri
MU Extension publication G6201, Vegetable Planting Calendar