Crop scouting reports
Crop scouting is an essential part of integrated pest management (IPM). Scouting programs are designed to protect and maximize crop yield and quality while minimizing the risk associated with pesticide use.
Each week, extension agronomy specialists and agronomy assistants scout fields in Barton County and then report their findings through an automated phone service and email message. The message will go out to everyone signed up for the program.
Current monthly report
January 2015 -
PDF | Audio
If you need extra forage for livestock, consider grazing wheat and taking animals off before the joint stage. When you removed livestock from wheat before the joint stage, wheat can still be used for a grain crop. Grazed wheat will usually mature 1-4 days later than ungrazed wheat, but studies show that by grazing wheat, lodging is reduced.
Wheat can provide excellent quality to meet grazing animal requirements. Wheat generally produces more leaves and tillers than needed for maximum grain production, making grazing possible. In the vegetative stage, wheat is high in minerals and vitamins, crude protein content can be 20 to 30 percent, and TDN- 80 percent.
When grazing wheat, nitrogen should be split-applied, with half applied at planting and the remainder in late winter or early spring prior to grazing.
Grazing can begin when pastures are 4 to 10 inches tall. Due to the high quality of wheat, time grazing can be used, allowing animals to graze for only a short period of time. For example, graze wheat four hours per day, then turn animals a perennial grass pasture for water and mineral to reduce trampling and damage to plants and to improve utilization. Avoid grazing during wet weather and extremely cold weather, (< 15 F) as this can damage plants.
Do not turn hungry animals onto cereal grain pastures, high protein in wheat can cause bloat. If producers are worried about grass tetany, supplement with magnesium and calcium mineral. Supplementing with dry hay can help meet dry matter intake needs also.
For more information, contact the Barton County Extension office at (417) 682-3579.
The weekly field scouting report is sponsored by University of Missouri Extension and Barton County Extension. For more information on this scouting report, or to learn how to receive it a week earlier by telephone, contact the MU Extension Center in Barton County, (417) 682-3579.
The cost of the program is only $35 per phone number, $95 for three numbers, and $30 per phone number for those with 4 or more.
To receive the 2014 weekly scouting reports, print the 2014 Crop Scouting Enrollment Form, complete and return with payment to Barton County Extension, 801 E 12th, Lamar, MO 64759.
Links to other resources:
Measuring and Reducing Corn Havest losses
Crop Nutrient Deficiencies and Toxicities (PDF)
Managing Nitrogen in Wet and Dry Years (PDF) by Peter Scharf:
MU Extension Corn Insect Pests Diagnostic guide
MU Extension publication G7112, Black cutworm guide
Corn Freeze Damage (PDF)
Spring Freeze Injury (PDF)
Frost Freeze to corn and soybeans (PDF)
2013 Pest Management Guide
Current soil temperatures in Lamar are updated every 5 minutes and can be found at http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/realtime/lamar.asp