Crop Scouting Enrollment Form (PDF)


Current Crop Scouting Report

Hello, this is Jill Scheidt, MU Extension agronomy specialist, with your monthly crop update.

I have been getting questions about late planting wheat, as weather conditions were not ideal during planting time. It is risky to plant wheat so late in the season due to lack of weather conditions that support vernalization. Also, fall tillering contributes the most to wheat yield, spring tillering is secondary and unlikely to produce enough tillers to make a good yield.

Winter wheat requires vernalization, a process where plants exposed to cold temperatures experience physiological changes. With wheat, this means the plants will not flower until vernalization occurs. Degree of vernalization required can vary within a species and variety. The best vernalization temperatures for winter wheat are 40° F - 50° F, not colder temperatures. According to Nebraska Extension 45 days of vernalization is optimum for yield production.

Kansas State University researchers conducted a seven-year study, seeding winter wheat every month from October 1 to April 1.

Grain yields declined progressively the longer planting was delayed after October 1, the optimum planting date for the area; in SW MO, the optimum planting date is October 10. With the later planting dates, the grain-filling period was progressively shortened and delayed into warmer weather. Thus, general declines occurred in mature plant height, number of heads per plant, number of kernels per plant, and grain test weight. Wheat planted after December 1, was at 59% of potential yield and wheat planted after February 1, was at 41% of potential yield.

Spring wheat is not a good option for Missouri as weather conditions are often too hot for wheat to produce well.

Call 417-682-3579 for more information.

Missouri crop performance reports

Finding varieties that best fit a farmer's production goals and challenges is an essential part of profitable grain crop production. MU Variety Testing Program provides the reliable, unbiased, up-to-date information that makes that selection possible.

Each year they test more than 600 corn, grain sorghum, and soybean varieties at 32 locations throughout Missouri. These 32 locations are distributed among four regions: North, Central, Southwest and Southeast. The number of locations within a region depends on the specific test but varies from two to five. Companies enter their varieties into tests at one or more of these regions, but their entries must be placed at all locations within a region.

Headquarters for the MU Variety Testing Program are Bradford Research and Extension Center located in the heart of Missouri six miles east of Columbia. More personnel are located at the Delta Research Center near Portageville and the Hundley-Whaley Center near Albany. The majority of our test locations are farmer fields and we appreciate the cooperation and dedication of our cooperators.

Crop performance reports:


Real-time weather at Lamar  


Hay for Sale Listings

These listings are a joint venture of the Missouri Department of Agriculture and the University of Missouri.

The listings include sellers names, cities, counties and phone numbers. Sellers can be listed by either region or forage type. Bale type is included: small square, large square, small round, large round, baleage, or other. The number of bales and approximate weight of each bale of hay is included, and if the hay has been analyzed, crude protein, acid detergent fiber, neutral detergent fiber, relative feed value, and percent total digestible nutrients may be included. A final area for notes catches information such as first cutting or specifics such as call times.

Hay market listings

Missouri hay directory


Drought Resources

Missouri Drought Resources

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2018 Cash Rental Rates in Missouri (G427) 

2016 Custom Rates for Farm Services in Missouri (G302)